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Unformatted text preview: ©PROJECT OCEANOGRAPHY FALL 1999 FISH ECOLOGY 67 F ISH E COLOGY Lesson 5. What’s in a Name? Lesson Objectives: Students will learn that the common name for fish might mean something else in another country. Students will learn how the Latin names might describe a prominent characteristic of the fish. Students will learn that Latin names describe the genus and species of the fish. And, each fish has only one scientific name. Vocabulary: scientific names, genus, species, specific What do Scientific Names Mean? Have you ever taken the trouble to find out what the scientific names of fish actually are? Or mean? They often tell something of interest, or describe a body part on the fish. Many scientific names describe certain identifying characteristics of the fish, although others, generally those that incorporate names of people or places are not so descriptive. Every living organism, be it animal or plant, has only one, internationally recognized scientific name. Scientific names are usually derived from Latin and Greek roots. A scientific name consists of two italicized names. The first ( genus ) name is capitalized and the second ( specific ) name is not capitalized. The genus name may be common to several species , but the combination of the two applies to only one species in the entire Animal Kingdom. For example, there are many cardinal fishes in the genus Apogon , but only one, the Barred Cardinalfish is known as Apogon binotatus . The specific name or species name, binotatus , refers to the two distinctive dark markings this fish has on each side of its body. A fish may have several common names. For example, a Pearl Gourami, Lace Gourami and Mosaic Gourami are all the same fish, which can lead to possible confusion. Its scientific ©PROJECT OCEANOGRAPHY FALL 1999 FISH ECOLOGY 68 F ISH E COLOGY name, Trichogaster leeri , belongs to that particular fish, and to no other animal or plant, and is therefore a unique identifying label....
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This note was uploaded on 07/31/2011 for the course OCB 6050 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at University of South Florida.
- Spring '11