scallop_2 - :A~ ~ SCIENCE Strand.the nature of matter and...

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Unformatted text preview: :A~ ~ ::!::' SCIENCE Strand .the nature of matter and energy .processes that shape the earth .processes of life .how living things interact with their environment .the nature of science Standards .understands that all water has observable, measurable properties .recognizes that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency MA THEMA TICS Strand .measurement .data analysis and probability Standards .understands the different ways numbers are represented and used in the real world .understands and uses the tools of data analysis for managing information LANGUAGE ARTS Strands .listening, viewing, and speaking .language Standards .writes to communicate ideas and information effectively .uses listening strategies effectively Scallops are some 0 f the best known shellfishes; this is due mmnIy to th'~ir delicious adductor muscle. People have harvested 1)ay scallops for hundreds of years. For example, Bay Scallops have been found in shell middens of Ameri(~an Indians, including the Timucuan Indians whicll inhabited Tampa Bay from 800-1300AD. The bay scallop has been an item of commerce in the United States since L858 (Ingersoll, 1886). They were initially used as fe]~tilizer when there were sufficient quantities to collect. However, commercial harvesting of the bay S(~allop for consumption did not begin until 1870. Until that time they were not popular with consumer~ (Belding, 1910). The introduction of the dreclge in 1874 helped the industry immensely and most harvesting today is still reliant upon the dredge I or other mechanical harvesting technologies, Massachusetts is th{~ leading state in the harvest of bay scallops, producjng between 50 and 80 percent of the national total. In this and producer states there are regulat:ons for licensing, season of harvest, catch limits ancl minimum size allowable for harvest. Yet, even with these restrictions bay scallop landings on the West Coast of Florida have decreased dramatically in the last three decades. Tampa Bay supported a lucrative commercial bay scallop fishery in the early 1960s, now they are seldom found there. It :lS illegal to commercially harvest Bay Scallops in Florida. The large market for bay scallops along with their short time to sexu4u maturity and high fecundity make them an ideal candidate for aquaculture. Many studies have been done on their life cycles and requirements, which alSI) make this a worthwhile endeavor....
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This note was uploaded on 07/31/2011 for the course OCB 6050 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at University of South Florida.

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scallop_2 - :A~ ~ SCIENCE Strand.the nature of matter and...

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