Lecture 3 Soil Formation

Lecture 3 Soil Formation - Soil Formation and Morphology...

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1 Soil Formation and Morphology Basics Additions Losses Translocations Transformations Processes Pedogenesis : The process of soil formation as the result of the combination of soil forming factors leading to addition, loss, transformation and translocation of materials
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2 Soil Forming Factors Climate Organisms Relief Parent Material Time Soil Forming Factors
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3 Climate Climate involves both local (microclimatic) and global (macroclimatic) considerations. The key components of climate in soil formation are moisture and temperature. Temperature speeds reactions Water promotes translocation Organisms The soil and the organisms living on and in it comprise an ecosystem. The active components of the soil ecosystem are the vegetation, fauna, including microorganisms, and man. Grassland Forest Pineland Organisms: Vegetation
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4 Organisms: Meso-/Macrofauna Earthworms Termites Ants Beetles Arthropods Rabbits Moles Organisms: microorganisms Bacteria Virus Algae Fungi Actinomycetes protozoa Relief/Topography
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Lecture 3 Soil Formation - Soil Formation and Morphology...

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