Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - Early 20th century Design Innovations...

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Early 20 th century Design Innovations Modern Style Regional Design (1900-1940) o Regional Approaches Islamic inspired/Spanish Neoclassic design Inspired by the “Moorish” designs of Spain Combined elements from the Spanish colonial period Particularly important in California, but found throughout the country even outside Spanish settled areas Eisner Estate Los Angeles, California by Paul Thiene o One of the most consistently Moorish in character, but there are differences: figurative statue, not all garden walled, rather include distant scenery o o o There was also a comparison of the Eisner Estate to a 19 th century Mission San Juan Capistrano—pictures look very similar Arts and Crafts design Began in England circa 1870—their emphasis was on revival of medieval inspired hand made design In America came to mean an inspiration from any craft tradition with an emphasis on simplified lines and details
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Emphasized local cultural traditions and materials Prairie School is a specific variation of Arts and Crafts Movement Gamble House by Green and Green Pasadena, California o Rear garden and mush of the landscape inspired by Asian design o The garden used a number of motifs from Asian, especially Japanese design, such as an asymmetrical arrangement, rocks as an important design feature, and Asian inspired decorative elements o o
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Prairie School Design Characteristics o Emphasis on horizontal lines o Emphasis on native vegetation o Emphasis on use of local materials, especially associations —riversides woodland, prairie, and savannah o Looks similar to Romantic design but has a somewhat different underlying theory, one based in what would come to be called ecology Jens Jensen o Born in Denmark—reacted negatively to non-democratic governments in Europe o Emigrated to Chicago in early 1900s—worked from there most of his life o First major work was for the West Park System of Chicago o Also did some large estates. But atypically for his era 90% of his work was for public clients o A major theoretician of the emerging “ecological basis for design” o Wrote several books including Siftings. Columbus Park, Chicago by Jens Jenson o Jensen's vision for Columbus Park was inspired by the unimproved site's natural history and topography. Convinced that it was an ancient beach, Jensen designed a series of berms, like glacial ridges, encircling the flat interior part of the park. In the center area, following the traces of sand dune, he created a "prairie river" flowing from two brooks. Two natural-looking waterfalls, with ledges of stratified stonework, represent the source of the river. Throughout the park, Jensen included native plants. o
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Final Exam Review - Early 20th century Design Innovations...

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