Globalization and the Nation-State

Globalization and the Nation-State - 2 May Globalization...

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2 May: Globalization and the nation-state I. Trade and environment There is a broader institutional question connecting trade to institutions. What part do or should international trade negotiations play in creating environmental protections? NAFTA is probably the greenest trade agreement in history. In the original 1992 agreement, there were no environmental clauses, but the incoming Clinton administration (spurred by NGOs) demanded side agreements. Interestingly, these side agreements were far stronger than those negotiated for labor. In both cases agreements were felt necessary by some because the free-trade area bound together such economically disparate countries – far more disparate than any other agreement bar the EU. But whereas US labor unions united against NAFTA and refused to create a side agreement that might make NAFTA more politically palatable and thus likely to pass, many environmental groups joined in the process of designing side agreements. The results of these differing tactics are evident. The labor accord was essentially toothless, but the environmental agreement created an international commission to enforce rules and allowed third parties – such as NGOs – to complain about violations.
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This note was uploaded on 08/01/2011 for the course POL S 381 taught by Professor Roberturbatsch during the Spring '09 term at Iowa State.

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Globalization and the Nation-State - 2 May Globalization...

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