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Exam #2 Study Guide

Exam #2 Study Guide - EXAM#2 STUDY GUIDE Psychological...

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EXAM #2 STUDY GUIDE Psychological Treatments - Chapter 16 What is psychotherapy? Any type of treatment for emotional and behavioral disorders that uses psychological rather than biological means. Discuss difference between psychological therapies, and biomedical therapies: Psychological Therapies : structured interaction between a therapist and a person seeking assistance Biomedical Therapies : medical interventions that affect the nervous system directly Psychopharmacology Antipsychotic medications Antidepressant medications Anti-anxiety medications Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Discuss differences in required education/training between different types of therapists Clinical Psychologist o Ph.D. and licensed to practice o Diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders; can prescribe drugs in some settings after additional training; psychological testing Psychiatrist o M.D. o Psychotherapy; drug therapy; hospitalization for serous psychological disorders Clinical or Psychiatric Social Worker M.S.W. o Master’s Degree o Diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders; identification of supportive community services Counselors or therapists No degree required, although many do Describe each of the following approaches to therapy Psychoanalytic Humanistic - Psychotherapies that assume that people have the ability and freedom to lead rational lives and make rational choices. - Unconditional positive regard - Active listening o Paraphrase – “What you’re saying is…” o Invite clarification – “Is that right?” o Reflect feelings – “It seems like that would be…”
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- Validation Behaviorist - A treatment approach that is based on the idea that abnormal behavior is learned and that applies the principles of operant conditioning, classical conditions, and/or observational learning to eliminate inappropriate or maladaptive behaviors and replace them with more adaptive behaviors. Cognitive therapies - A therapy designed by Aaron Beck to help patients stop their negative thoughts as they occur and replace them with more objective thoughts. - Affirmations - Stinkin’ thinkin’ - Challenge style of thinking or style of attributions - Rational Emotive Therapy: Albert Ellis - Cognitive Behavior Therapy with Adolescents o Identify automatic thoughts o Challenge truth of automatic thoughts o What will happen next time? – Behavioral strategies Workbook helps to track strategies and whether they work - Ex. Tries to identity and challenge irrational thoughts and replace them with realistic thoughts Describe how a Jungian Psychologist might understand dream interpretation - What type of interpretation would be inconsistent with a Jungian view? What is meant by an eclectic therapist? (Family Therapies) Eclectic can use all of the approaches: 1. Focuses on how family works together – How do family members interact?
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