Exam #3 Study Guide - States of consciousness - Chapter 4...

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States of consciousness - Chapter 4 What is consciousness? What are altered states of consciousness? Daydreaming, sleeping, drug induced, meditative, hypnosis, near-death experiences What are circadian rhythms - if not given any external cues, how long are our natural circadian rhythms (answer: 25 hours) Sleep deprivations - what are symptoms? Be able to distinguish different EEG readings and stages of sleep Stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4, REM Alpha waves, delta waves What is "REM rebound" and what causes it? Sleep disorders Insomnia, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, night terrors - sleeping pills and alcohol suppress REM sleep What's the difference between night terrors and nightmares? Purpose of dreams Freudian/Jungian perspective Information processing Random neural firing (activation / synthesis) hypothesis (p. 388) What is developmental psychology? Describe the nature / nurture debate about human development How is the sex of a child determined? What can newborns do at birth? Newborns are born with essentially as many neurons as they are going to ever have Newborns, children and adults continue to develop and "fine tune" synapses their whole lives Neural connections are very immature and relatively simple, compared to later complexity with the growth of new synapses and networks Rosenweig raised some rats in isolation and in impoverished environments, other rats were raised in enriched environments. - differences in size of cortex (smaller if isolated) - differences in immune system responses (sicker if isolated) Describe what this tells us about brain development - that appropriate levels of stimulation are crucial for healthy development Cognitive development
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course INDV 101 taught by Professor Walker during the Spring '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Exam #3 Study Guide - States of consciousness - Chapter 4...

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