HCR 220 Week 9 Final Project Running head HIPAA Confidentiality

HCR 220 Week 9 Final Project Running head HIPAA Confidentiality

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Running head: HIPAA Confidentiality HCR 220 Final Project Josh Gorban HCR 220 “HIPAA, or the Health Insurance Portability Act of 1996, was created to help eliminate fraud, abuse and waste in the healthcare and health insurance industries (Health Information Privacy, n.d)”. “HIPAA helped ensure patients’ privacy, making it virtually impossible for their medical records to fall into the wrong hands and become public knowledge (What is HIPAA?)”. However, every great plan has its loopholes and no matter how many precautions have been taken to safeguard patients’ private information, sometimes these records do fall into the wrong hands. When these records are disclosed and become public knowledge, there can be grave consequences for both the patient and the party responsible for disclosing the information. HIV and AIDS are two very serious and devastating diseases. It all begins when the patient is diagnosed with HIV, human immunodeficiency virus. HIV/AIDS destroys the body’s immune system over a period of time. The body’s weakened immune system causes the body to have to work harder to attack and fight off infections. This virus can be spread through several different ways. Some examples are: contaminated blood transfusions or tainted blood in general, intimate unprotected sexual contact, contaminated needles and syringes, and from infected mother to baby during birth or breastfeeding.
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Individuals who do become infected with the virus may not exhibit any signs of the disease for up to approximately 10 years, but that does not mean that the virus cannot be passed from the infected person to a non-infected person (HIV and AIDS) when exposed. Acute HIV infection can progress over time to asymptomatic HIV infection to symptomatic HIV infection which in the end stage, will progress to AIDS. AIDS is also known as an acquired immune deficiency syndrome and this is the most severe stage of the HIV infection. Often, the infected individual will exhibit flu-like symptoms after the 10 year period when the disease has progressed into full- blown AIDS. AIDS sufferers may experience a pins and needles effect in the extremities, particularly the feet, which is referred to as peripheral neuropathy. This sensation may be caused from AIDS, itself or from a side effect of the medications used to treat the virus. As the disease progresses, the patient may lose his or her appetite which can result in extreme weight loss and malnutrition. This is referred to as wasting syndrome. “Aggressive treatment regimens have
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HCR 220 Week 9 Final Project Running head HIPAA Confidentiality

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