Delta works presentation

Delta works presentation - The North Sea Flood of 1953 and...

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The North Sea Flood of 1953 and the Delta Works Solution David Thomas Nick Henriquez Jordan Schrader Allison Gilbert Jorel Vaccaro
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North Sea Flood of 1953
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The Netherlands Name describes its low elevations 282 miles of North Sea Coastline Half of its land mass lies below 1 meter elevation Flooding in the Netherlands has been recorded since 838 A.D. However no other flood came close to the devastation of the flood in 1953.
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Before the Flood The Dutch knew from studies in the 1920s and 30s that the dikes were too low Dutch became passive since there had not been a serious flood since 1916 and no serious flood before that one since 1717 Very little money or interest was invested in fixing the dikes at this time Then, World War II began
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Before the Flood All interest in fixing existing dikes stopped due to the war, and Dutch resistance actually bombed some dikes to flood areas and keep away the Germans After the war, focus was on repairing these dikes and drying and reclaiming more land Once again, raising the unsafe dikes was practically forgotten
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The Storm Took place overnight from January 31 to February 1, 1953 Already high spring tides in effect Hurricane force gales blew through the North Sea Caused a surge directed at the Netherlands, though some flowed into the English Channel
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Dike Failures In many places, the water ran over the dikes This eroded the outer layer of clay, rock, and plants The clay core is exposed and then washed away as well
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Heroics “Groenendijk” collapsed at 5:30 AM Mayor commandeered ship “The Two Brothers” and forced its captain to steer it into the breach Plugged the hole and saving the three million people living in the North and South Holland Provinces
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Rescue Because most radio stations were off the air at night, few people were warned of the coming flood Many were trapped in trees or on rooftops for days Rescue was ineffective, with boats and workers scarce Many boats damaged themselves on iron fences and other unforeseen obstacles Red Cross and Foreign Aid became available and rescued the surviving stranded citizens
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Rescue
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Damage Done 1,835 people died in the flood 40 died after the flood
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This note was uploaded on 08/03/2011 for the course CEG 4011 taught by Professor Bloomquist during the Spring '11 term at University of Florida.

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Delta works presentation - The North Sea Flood of 1953 and...

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