Study_Guide_13[1] dhar0a - Dharmatej Mikkilineni AP...

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Dharmatej Mikkilineni AP European History Due Date 9/18/06 Period 2 Chapter 13: European Society in the Age of the Renaissance Review Questions 1. Describe the new social class in twelfth-century Italy called the “urban nobility”. How and why did this social class come into being and how did it affect the movement toward republican government? The urban nobility status came into being in the twelfth century in Europe. The class would rule and govern the men and women of a certain part of the country. They came into being when the king or political leader of that area did not govern his people anymore, and a nobleman rose to the occasion and filled his position. It affected the movement toward the republic government since many people were forced to follow their noblemen’s decision of right and wrong whether they liked it or not. (pg. 416) 2. What five powers dominated the Italian peninsula in the fifteenth century? How did the Italian city-states contribute to modern diplomacy? The five powers that dominated the Italian peninsula in the fifteenth century were Venice, Milan, Florence, the Papal States, and the kingdom of Naples. They contributed to modern diplomacy since Milan, Florence, and Venice acted as monarchs to crush urban revolts, levy taxes, kill their enemies, and govern the people. (pg. 417) 3. How does the concept of individualism help explain the Renaissance? Did women and common people play a role in the Renaissance? Individualism was the ability for one to express themselves in any way they wanted as a unique character. This explains the Renaissances since everyone was dressing in awkward ways, driving weird cars, and painting the most disfigured things. Since they expressed everything they liked, the concept of the Renaissance was change in free speech, and beliefs. Women and common people played a role in the Renaissance by explaining the concept of man and how he came to this world. (pg. 420) 4. What is humanism? What do humanists emphasize? Humanism is the literary culture needed be anyone who would be considered educated and civilized. Humanists emphasized human beings, their achievements, interests, and capabilities. (pg.’s 420-421) 5. How did the invention of movable type revolutionize European life? It revolutionized Europe in the sense that anything handwritten or typed would, and could be published for everyone in Europe to read in half the time it had taken before. It also saved money since paper was a lot cheaper than sheepskin, or calfskin. (pg. 430)
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6. Hoe did the Renaissance in northern Europe differ from that of Italy? The cultural traditions of the north tended to remain more distinctly Christian, or at least pietistic, than those of Italy. Northern humanists interpreted Italian ideas about and attitudes toward classical antiquity, individualism, and humanism in terms of their own traditions. (pg. 437) 7. Discuss Christian humanism by describing the works and ideas of Thomas More and Desiderius Erasmus.
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Study_Guide_13[1] dhar0a - Dharmatej Mikkilineni AP...

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