Study_Guide_17

Study_Guide_17 - Chapter 17: Absolutism in Eastern Europe...

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Chapter 17: Absolutism in Eastern Europe Review Questions 1. What were the reasons for the re-emergence of serfdom in Eastern Europe in the early modern period? The reasons were from the results of the Black Death plague. Agricultural depression and population decline in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries led to a sever shortage of labor, which was believed to have caused the landlords to naturally tie their precious peasants to their land. This caused serfdom to reemerge in Eastern Europe. (pg. 567) 2. In Western Europe, the conflict between the king and his vassals resulted in gains for the common man. Why did this not happen in Eastern Europe? This gain did not occur in Eastern Europe because the kings and monarchial powers had many royal successions, yet they did not have the support of the nobility. To gain this support, the king or monarchial power gave the nobility more power. Unlike Western Europe, the nobles of the Eastern Europe did not have to revolt and fight with the governmental power for rights and more power; it was given to them just for their support. (pg.’s 567- 568) 3. Why would the reign of the Great Elector be regarded as “the most crucial constitutional struggle in Prussian history for hundreds of years”? What did he do to increase royal authority? Who were the losers? The reign of the Great Elector would be known as the “the most crucial constitutional struggle” because the Great Elector would remove representative powers and introduce absolutist power. Since the Estates of Brandenburg gave into the permanent taxation, constitutionalism would never be achieved. This caused him to have superior force and financial independence. To increase royal authority, he used permanent taxation. The losers were the peasants and the Estates of Brandenburg since they were the ones who became the ones ruled be the Frederick William the Great Elector, and had to pay his taxes. (pg.’s 572-573) 4. Prussia has traditionally been considered one of the most militaristic states in Europe. How do you explain this development? Who or what was responsible? This development arose from two important people, Frederick William the Great Elector, and Frederick William I. Frederick William the Great Elector was able to unify and keep the Estates of Brandenburg, peasants, and the nobility under his control. This led up to Frederick William I and what he did. He was able to infuse absolutism and a strict military rule into the society. This created the largest and strongest army in all of Europe. (pg. 572) 5. How did the Thirty Years’ War and invasion by the Ottoman Turks help the Habsburgs consolidate power? The Thirty Years’ War helped consolidate power because it created the first permanent army of Habsburg to oppose any threat. The attempted invasion by the Ottoman Empire created a sense of creation to centralize power in the Habsburg Empire, and make it as absolutistic as possible. (pg.’s 569-571)
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Study_Guide_17 - Chapter 17: Absolutism in Eastern Europe...

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