Study_Guide_23 - Chapter 23: Ideologies and Upheavals,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 23: Ideologies and Upheavals, 1815-1850 Review Questions 1. Describe and define the concept “balance of power” in 1814-1815. The balance of power is a central concept in the realist theory. Within a balance of power system, a state may choose to engage in either balancing or bandwagoning behavior. After the Napoleonic era, the Quadruple Alliance allowed France to remain equal to them. This balance of power, between them meant an international equilibrium of military and political forces that would discourage aggression by any combination of states, or worse, the domination of Europe by a single state. (pg.’s 755-758) 2. Describe the treatment of defeated France by the victors in 1814. Why wasn’t the treatment harsher? The treatment of the defeated France was very light. Agreeing to the Bourbon Dynasty, the allies were quite lenient towards France after Napoleon’s abdication. France was given the boundaries it possessed in 1792, which were larger than those of 1789 were, and France did not have to pay any war reparations. The reason the treatment was not harsher was that the victorious powers did not want to foment a spirit of injustice and revenge in the defeated country. (pg. 755) 3. Who were the participants and what was the purpose of the Holy Alliance and the congress system? The Holy Alliance was a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created in 1815. The monarchs of the three countries involved used this to band together in order to prevent revolutionary influence (especially from the French Revolution) from entering these nations. It was against democracy, revolution, and secularism. The Holy Alliance was, in a manner of speaking, the first modern international peacekeeping organization, although it was rooted in antiquated models of politics. After the Congress of Vienna was left intact, the Quadruple Alliance agreed to meet periodically to discuss their common interests and to consider appropriate measures for the maintenance of peace in Europe. This agreement marked the beginning of the European “congress system.” Its significance was that it lasted long into the nineteenth century and settled many international conferences and balance-of-power diplomacies. (pg. 758) 4. Describe the makeup of the Austrian Empire. How and why were nationalism and liberalism regarded as dangerous to those in power? The vast Austrian Empire of the Habsburgs was a great dynamic state. Formed over centuries by war, marriage, and luck, it was made up of many people. The Germans had long dominated the empire, yet they accounted for only one-fourth of the population. The Hungarians, a substantially smaller group, dominated the kingdom of Hungary, though they did not account for a majority of the population in that part of the Austrian Empire. The Czechs, the third major group, were concentrated in Bohemia and Moravia. There were also large numbers of Italians, Poles, and Ukrainians as well as smaller groups of Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, Ruthenians,
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 18

Study_Guide_23 - Chapter 23: Ideologies and Upheavals,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online