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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 25: The Age of Nationalism, 1850-1914 Review Questions 1. How was Germany unified? Describe Bismarcks methods. What were the long-term results? It began its path of unification because of three factors. The first was the Zollverein and its method of reducing the tariffs inducted on outgoing products. The second was replacing the unstable Fredrick William IV with William I. The third was when middle class representatives established that parliament had supreme power and not the King. Bismarck was the one though, who fully unified Germany. His method was that every question ever posed could only be answered by blood and iron, meaning war. Its long-term effects were total unification of Germany. (pg.s 830-832) 2. Why did nationalism become a universal faith in Europe between 1850 and 1914 and why did it gain the support if the broad masses of society? Nationalism became a universal faith in Europe between 1850 and 1914 because none of the countries wanted to go back to a lifestyle that included the dictatorship of one man. They all wanted freedom and prosperity instead of suffering and torture. This was especially asserted in France, since the rest of Europe did not want to face a superior power like Napoleon I again. Since the people wanting freedom outnumbered the ones wanting a monarchy, nationalism gained the support of broad masses. (pg. 823) 3. Why did the voters of France elect Louis Napoleon president in 1848? What were some of the benefits Napoleon bestowed on his subjects? The voters elected him for several reasons. First, he had the great name of his uncle, who was a demigod among his subjects. Second, peasant property owners feared the sot challenge, and wanted a tough ruler to provide protection. Third, Napoleon had a program to overthrow Louis Philippes government. The benefits of Napoleon to the people were that he provided jobs for people and stimulated the economy. This was opposed to what people had done before which was do nothing about jobs and let the poor have awful poverty. (pg. 823) 4. Why was Italy before 1860 merely a geographical expression? Italy was a mere geographical expression because the northern and southern halves were disconnected. This meant that the political, economical, and international relations of both halves were not so good. It was in 1860, that the country was once again unified to be one big Italy. This is what caused it to come back onto the map in structure on the European scale of power. (pg. 826-827) 5. What were the three basic approaches to Italian unification? Which one prevailed? The first approach was the radical program of the idealistic patriot Giuseppe Mazzini, who preached a centralized democratic republic based on universal male suffrage and the will of the people. The second approach was that of Vincenzo Gioberti, a Catholic priest who called for a federation of existing states under the presidency of a progressive pope. The third approach was the program of those who looked for leadership to the autocratic kingdom of...
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- Winter '08