outline 9 - Thoreau an American writer and naturalist who...

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Thoreau: an American writer and naturalist who kept journals about his excursions into wild nature throughout parts of the northeastern United States and Canada and at Walden Pond in Massachusetts. He sought self-sufficiency, a simple lifestyle, and a harmonious coexistence with nature Audubon: John James Audubon ( April 26 , 1785 January 27 , 1851 ) was an American ornithologist , naturalist , hunter , and painter . He painted, catalogued, and described the birds of North America . Almost from the beginning, Audubon set about to study American birds with the goal of illustrating his findings in a more realistic manner than was common at the time. [13] He began conducting the first known bird-banding on the continent: he tied yarn to the legs of Eastern Phoebes and determined that they returned to the same nesting spots year after year. [14] He also began drawing and painting birds, and recording their behavior George Perkins Marsh: a scientist and member of congress from Vermont, published Man and Nature, which helped legislators and influential citizens see the need for resource conservation. Marsh questioned the idea that the country’s resources were inexhaustible, used scientific studies and case studies to show how the rise and fall of past civilizations were linked to the use nad misuse of their resource base, and formulated basic resource conservation principles we still use today. Theodore Roosevelt: passed many acts that helped environment and used them to protect things likes the Grand Canyon and oterh areas that would later become national parks. He was a writer, explorer, naturalist, avid birdwatcher, and 26th president of the united state. He was the first national political figure to bring the issues of conversation to the attention fo the American public. According to many historians, he has contributed more than any other president to natural resource conversation in United States. Gifford Pinchot: Gifford Pinchot ( August 11 , 1865 October 4 , 1946 ) was the first Chief of the United States Forest Service (1905–1910) and the Governor of Pennsylvania (1923–1927, 1931– 1935). He was a Republican and Progressive . Pinchot is known for reforming the management and development of forests in the United States and for advocating the conservation of the nation's reserves by planned use and renewal. He called it "the art of producing from the forest whatever it can yield for the service of man." Pinchot coined the term conservation ethic as applied to natural resources. John Muir: geologist, explorer, naturalist. He spent 6 years studying, writing jouranls, and making sketches I nteh wilderness of California’s Yosemite Valley and then went on to explore wilderness areas in Utah, Nevada, the Northwest, and Alaska. He was largely responsible for establisihng Yosemite National park in 1890. He also founded the Sierra Club and spent 22 years lobbying actively for conversation laws.
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This note was uploaded on 08/01/2011 for the course ENGLISH 1B taught by Professor Pugh during the Winter '08 term at Berkeley.

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outline 9 - Thoreau an American writer and naturalist who...

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