study guide 3 - Name: _ Date: _ 1. According to the text,...

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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________ 1. According to the text, learning involves: a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience. Experience. We learn by association. Learning is the relatively permanent behavioral changes that result from experience with the environment. P232 2. Conditioning is the process of: learning associations. P233 3. Children often learn to associate pushing a vending machine button with the delivery of a candy bar. This best illustrates the process underlying: 4. John B. Watson would have expressed the greatest disapproval of attempts to scientifically study whether: inner thoughts feelings nad motives. He tohguth pysch was athe study how organisms respond to stimuli in their environements. P235 5. In Pavlov's experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs, the US was: food stimulus p236 6. In Pavlov's experiments, the dog's salivation triggered by the taste of food was a(n): unconditioned response p236 7. If a tone causes a dog to salivate because it has regularly been associated with the presentation of food, the tone is called a(n): conditioned stimulus p236 8. Researchers condition a flatworm to contract its body to a light by repeatedly pairing the light with electric shock. The stage in which the flatworm's contraction response to light is established and gradually strengthened is called: acquisition. P237 9. The occurrence of spontaneous recovery suggests that during extinction:, it was surpressing the cr rather than eliminatinh it. P238 10. After getting a slight burn from the spark of a flickering campfire, Julie became afraid of getting close to lighted gas stoves. This best illustrates the survival value of: generalization. P239 11. Nikki has learned to expect the sound of thunder whenever she sees a flash of lightning.
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This note was uploaded on 08/01/2011 for the course ENGLISH 1B taught by Professor Pugh during the Winter '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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study guide 3 - Name: _ Date: _ 1. According to the text,...

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