study guide 4 - Psychology 300 Quiz 4 Study Guide Page 1 1....

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Psychology 300 Quiz 4 Study Guide Page 1
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1. Motivation is defined by psychologists as: a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal. P357 2. Psychologists have used four perspectives in their efforts to explain motivation. These include an emphasis on instincts, optimum arousal, a hierarchy of motives, and: drive reduction theory. P357 3. A complex, unlearned, and fixed pattern of behavior common to all members of a species is called a(n): instinct p357 4. A need refers to: 5. For a thirsty person, drinking water serves to reduce: the need 6. Positive and negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior are called: incentives 7. Homeostasis , which is the goal of drive reduction, is defined as: a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level. 8. According to Maslow, our need for physiological________ must be met before we are preoccupied with satisfying our need for safety________. P359 9. On the basis of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, one would be least likely to predict that a: prisoner might choose to change 10. The set point is: the point at which an individual’s weight thermostat is supposedly set. When the body weight falls below this level, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight. P362.
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study guide 4 - Psychology 300 Quiz 4 Study Guide Page 1 1....

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