Reconstruction Citizenship Lecture

Reconstruction Citizenship Lecture - Our First Big Question...

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Unformatted text preview: Our First Big Question: Our Who gets to be an American Who citizen, and on what terms? citizen, Our Time Period for this Unit Our c. 1865-1900 Three Groups Three African Americans (former slaves, or African “freedmen”) “freedmen”) American Indians (citizens of tribes, or of American the U.S., or both?) Chinese Immigrants (newcomers, but not from Europe) from Today: The Freedmen Today: What the Civil War Settled What the Civil War Didn’t Settle A Reminder about Political Parties Reconstruction Amendments Reconstruction 13th Amendment, 1865 (Slavery) 14th Amendment, 1868 (Citizenship) 15th Amendment, 1870 (Voting) Rapid Gains (Change over Time) Full Citizenship Lost, 1870-1900 Full Southern Democrats – The “White Supremacy” Creed – Supported by Northern Democrats Northern Republicans – New problems in North – Business issues replace social reform Southern Republicans – Blacks and Poor Whites isolated by 1890 1890s: the Crisis Decade 1890s: Disfranchisement “Jim Crow” Segregation Laws Lynchings (Mob Rule) Northern apathy, Northern racism Result #1: “second class” citizenship Result Result #2: The “Solid South” Result U.S. Supreme Court Rulings U.S. U.S. v. Harris, 1883 (13th Amendment) Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 (14th) Williams v. Mississippi,1898 (15th) Williams ...
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