During the 1820s and 1830s a very distinct American culture began to emerge. Breaking loose from European models, they developed their own culture in literature, art, and higher education. This is explored in Out of many: a history of the American people. Different philosophies, artists, and artistic works contributed to this American culture. American culture started with something as simple as intellectual people coming together with like ideals that turned into philosophical groups. Benjamin Franklin founded the American Philosophical Society. During this time the members were well known scientists. The city of Charleston also had a similar group but it was based on literature. These groups stayed true to their ideals and contributed information to society. This was a valid indication of how united Americans were in the 1820s-1830s (Faragher, Buhle, Czitrom, & Armitage, 2009). Civic cultural institutions were also built during this time, these institutions focused on traditional American culture.
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New Jersey, Hudson River, Hudson River School, Faragher