hlth130-exam2studyguide - Exam 2 Review Guide Five Step...

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Exam 2 Review Guide 1. Define the problem Five Step Process for Solving Health Problems 2. Identify risk factors 3. Develop and test community interventions 4. Implement interventions 5. Monitor/evaluate interventions - Planning model to help guide researchers and public health practioners in figuring out how to deal with problems in health communities P redisposing, R einforcing, E nabling, C onstructs in E ducational/ E nvironmental D iagnosis and E valuation (PRECEDE) - Not a theory P roceed, R egulatory and O rganization C onstructs in E ducational and E nvironmental D evelopment ( PROCEED - Focuses mainly on the community ) Social Assessment – assesses peoples views of their own needs – community building Epidemiological Assessment – documents which health problems are the most important for certain groups in a community – community level theories Behavioral/Environmental Assessment – factors that contribute to the health problem of interest – interpersonal theories, theories of organizational change, community organization Educational/Ecological Assessment – factors that must initiate change – individual, interpersonal and community levels Administrative Policy/assessment – identifies policies that may help or hurt implantation – community Institute of Medicine Report “The Future of Pubic Health” 1988 - Capacity of governmental agencies to perform essential public health functions was lacking – an ongoing set of efforts to improve the quality and delivery of public health services in the US - Emphasized “assuring the conditions so people can be healthy” as part of the mission of public health Why focus on the Conditions ? - Why cant we just focus on an individual’s health…? Core functions of Public Health – Assessment, Policy Development and Assurance - Assessment and monitoring of the health of communities and populations at risk to identify health problems and priorities Assessment - Systematically collect information
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- What health problems exist in a community? How many people are being affected? How many people are dying? What are the causes? What are the possible solutions? What resources/tools do we have for solving these problems? - - Analyze information Collecting information from individuals and studying it trying to find incidence and prevalence - Communicate this information - Many people have poor health literacy - Formulating public policy in collaboration with community and government leaders, designed to solve identified Policy Development local and national - Mobilizing and engaging the health problems and priorities - Action with and by the community community - Planning driven by the community - Partnerships to strengthen the community 1. Apply scientific knowledge a. Strategic approach 2. Formulate public policies a. Democratic approach 3. Serve Public Interests a. Social justice not vested interests - Assuring that all populations have access to appropriate and cost – effective
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2011 for the course HLTH 130 taught by Professor Howard during the Spring '11 term at University of Maryland Baltimore.

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hlth130-exam2studyguide - Exam 2 Review Guide Five Step...

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