LifespanExam2 - Schemes/Schema An organized pattern of...

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Schemes/Schema An organized pattern of thought or behavior. A structured cluster of pre-conceived ideas. A mental structure that represents some aspect of the world. A mental framework centering on a theme, that helps us to organize social information. Structures that organize our knowledge and assumptions and are used for interpreting and processing information. Schemata influence our attention, as we are more likely to notice things that fit into our schema. If something contradicts our schema, it may be encoded or interpreted as an exception or as unique. Thus, schemata are prone to distortion. They influence what we look for in a situation. They have a tendency to remain unchanged, even in the face of contradictory information. We are inclined to place people who do not fit our schema in a "special" or "different" category, rather than to consider the possibility that our schema may be faulty. As a result of schemata, we might act in such a way that actually causes our expectations to come true. Examples of schemata include Rubric ( academic ) , social schemas , stereotypes , social roles , scripts, worldviews , and archetypes . In Piaget ' s theory of development, children adopt a series of schemata to understand the world. Assimilation Accomadation In the cognitive development theory of Jean Piaget , assimilation is one of two complementary activities involved in adaptation , the process of learning from and adjusting to one's environment . Assimilation consists of taking in new information and incorporating it into existing ways of thinking about the world. Conversely, accommodation is the process of changing one's existing ideas to adapt to new information. Piaget's Concept of Equilibrium Object Permanence The understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen, heard, or touched. It is acquired by the human infants between 8 and 12 months of age via the process of logical induction to help them develop secondary schemes in their sensori-motor coordination. This step is the essential foundation of the memory and the memorization process. Jean Piaget argued that object permanence is one of an infant's most important accomplishments, as without this concept, objects would have no separate, permanent existence. Primary Emotions joy and love, anger, sadness, anxiety Function of emotional expression: smile/cry between parent and infant What age for first smile? TWO MONTHS OLD Easy, Difficult, Slow to warm-up are terms of different. .. temperments
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Purpose of myelin sheeth over neuron? increase the speed of impulses
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2011 for the course PSYCH 215 taught by Professor Imburgia during the Summer '11 term at Morton College.

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LifespanExam2 - Schemes/Schema An organized pattern of...

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