Outline_Chapter_05 - Chapter 5 Eukaryotic Cells and...

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Chapter 5 Eukaryotic Cells and Microorganisms Chapter Outline 5.1. The History of Eukaryotes A. Theory of eukaryotic cell evolution: Symbiosis and endosymbiosis B. Cells, tissues, and organs 5.2. Form and Function of the Eukaryotic Cell: External Structures A. Locomotor appendages: Cilia and flagella 1. Flagella a. More complex than prokaryotic counterpart b. 9+2 arrangement 2. Cilia a. Shorter and more numerous than flagella b. Found in protozoa and some animal cells only B. The glycocalyx 1. Outermost boundary of most eukaryotic cells 2. Comes in direct contact with environment 3. Protection, adherence, signal reception C. Form and function of the eukaryotic cell: Boundary structures 1. The cell wall a. Fungal and algal walls b. Different in composition from bacterial cell walls 2. The cytoplasmic membrane a. Sterols b. Typical bilayer of phospholipids c. Selectively permeable 5.3. Form and Function of the Eukaryotic Cell: Internal Structures A. The nucleus: The cell control center 1. Nuclear envelope 2. Nuclear pores 3. Nucleolus 4. Nucleoplasm 5. Chromatin/chromosomes/histones 6. Mitosis 7. Meiosis B. Endoplasmic reticulum: A passageway in the cell 1. Rough endoplasmic reticulum and cisternae 2. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum C. Golgi complex: A packaging machine 1. Transitional vesicles 2. Condensing vesicles D. Nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus: Nature's assembly line 1. Protein synthesis and processing 2. Vesicles 3. Lysosome and vacuoles 4. Phagosome E. Mitochondria: Energy generators of the cell 5-1
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1. Cristae 2. Matrix 3. Enzymes and electron carriers of aerobic respiration F. Chloroplasts: Photosynthesis machines
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Outline_Chapter_05 - Chapter 5 Eukaryotic Cells and...

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