United-States-History-Fall-Semester-Review

United-States-History-Fall-Semester-Review - United States...

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United States History Mr. Hank Lacey Fall 2008
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A U.S.A. Puzzle History , too, is a puzzle of many pieces!
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Topographical map of the United States of America Source: National Climactic Data Center/NOAA Satellite and Information Service
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I. EXPLORATION AND THE COLONIAL ERA There were Americans long before there was an America.
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The Americas, West Africa and Europe Main Idea : Before they interacted, Europeans, West Africans and Native Americans lived in unique and complex societies. Why it Matters Now : The interaction of these cultures helped create the modern culture of the United States. Terms and Names : nomadic, Aztec, Anasazi, Pueblo, Iroquois, Islam, Christianity, Reformation, Renaissance
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Ancient Cultures in the Americas The first Americans may have arrived about 22,000 years ago by crossing a land bridge between Asia and Alaska Archaeologists believe the earliest Americans lived as big-game hunters
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North American mammoth species, c. 20,000 BEC American mammoth species were hunted by the earliest Americans. They, too, crossed the Bering land bridge, but much earlier than people – about 1.7 million years ago.
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Hunting and gathering sustains early Americans, agriculture develops Earliest Americans’ way of life changed 10,000-12,000 years ago, when Earth’s climate changed The Bering land bridge disappeared People switched to hunting smaller game and gathering nuts and berries Some early settlers migrated south to what is now Latin America Agricultural revolution occurred 5,000-10,000 years ago People began to plant crops This meant people could settle and
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Piramide de la Luna (“Pyramid of the Moon”) Piramide de la Luna (“Pyramid of the Moon”), constructed by Aztecs at Teotihuacan (central Mexico). Teotihuacan is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
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Machu Picchu The ruins of Machu Picchu, built by Incas in Peru in the 15 th century
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Diverse and Complex Societies 1,200 BEC – about 400 BEC - Olmecs (southern Mexico) CE 250 – 900 - Maya (Guatemala, Yucatan peninsula) 13 th – 16 th centuries CE – Aztecs (valley of Mexico) 13 th – 16 th centuries CE – Incas (western South America) Anasazi, Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippian cultures in region that would later become the United States, 300 BEC – CE 1400 When it became possible for people to remain in one place, distinctive societies began to form. A “ society ” is a group of people , such as a community, tribe or nation, that has common traditions and institutions and engages in collective activities. Unique empires formed in North America and South America. An “ empire ” is a large area of land or a large number of people ruled by one sovereign authority, such as a chief, king, or governing council. “BCE” = “before the common
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United-States-History-Fall-Semester-Review - United States...

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