APUSH Chapter 2 - Chapter 02 The Planting of English America

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Chapter 02 The Planting of English America I. England’s Imperial Stirrings I. North America in 1600 was largely unclaimed, though the Spanish had much control in Central and South America. II. Spain had only set up Santa Fe, while France had founded Quebec and Britain had founded Jamestown. III. In the 1500s, Britain failed to effectively colonize due to internal conflicts. King Henry VIII broke with the Roman Catholic Church in the 1530s and launched the English Protestant Reformation. After Elizabeth I became queen, Britain became basically Protestant, and a rivalry with Catholic Spain intensified. In Ireland, the Catholics sought Spain’s help in revolting againstEngland, but the English crushed the uprising with brutal atrocity, anddeveloped an attitude of sneering contempt for natives. II. Elizabeth Energizes England I. After Francis Drake pirated Spanish ships for gold then circumnavigated the globe, Elizabeth I knighted him on his ship. Obviously, this reward angered the Spanish who sought revenge. II. Meanwhile, English attempts at colonization in the New World failed embarrassingly. Notable of these failures was Sir Walter Raleigh and the Roanoke Island Colony , better known as “ The Lost Colony .” III. Seeking to get their revenge, Spain attacked Britain but lost in the Spanish Armada ’s defeat of 1588. This opened the door for Britain to cross the Atlantic.They swarmed to America and took over the lead in colonization andpower. Victory also fueled England to new heights due to… Strong government/popular monarch, more religious unity, a sense of nationalism Golden age of literature ( Shakespeare ) Beginning of British dominance at sea (which lasts until U.S. tops them, around 1900) Britain and Spain finally signed a peace treaty in 1604. III. England on the Eve of the Empire
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I. In the 1500s, Britain’s population was mushrooming. II. New policy of enclosure (fencing in land) for farming. This meant there was less or no land for the poor. III. The woolen districts fell upon hard times economically. This meant the workers lost jobs. IV. Tradition of primogeniture = 1st born son inheritsALL father’s land. Therefore, younger sons of rich folk (who couldn’tinherit money) tried their luck with fortunes elsewhere, like America. V. By the 1600s, the joint-stock company was perfected (investors put money into the company with hopes for a good return), being a forerunner of today’s corporations. IV. England Plants the **Jamestown  Seedling** I. In 1606, the Virginia Company received a charter from King James I to make a settlement in the New World. Such joint-stock companies usually did not exist long, asstockholders invested
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 2 - Chapter 02 The Planting of English America

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