APUSH Chapter 3 - Chapter 03 Settling in the Northern...

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Chapter 03 Settling in the Northern Colonies I. The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism I. 1517, Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Cathedral. Luther had several explosive ideas including… The Bible alone was the source of God’s word (not the Bible and the church or pope). People are saved simply by faith in Christ alone (not by faith and good works). His actions ignited the Protestant Reformation. II. John Calvin preached Calvinism which stressed “ predestination ” (those going to Heaven or hell has already been determined by God). Basic doctrines were stated in the 1536 document entitled Institutes of the Christian Religion. Stated that all humans were weak and wicked. Only the predestined could go to heaven, no matter what. Calvinists were expected to seek “conversions,” signs that theywere one of the predestined, and afterwards, lead “sanctified lives.” Calvinists are famous for working hard, dusk to dawn, to “prove” their worthiness. The impact of Calvinism has been vividly stamped on the psyche of Americans, and been called the “ Protestant Work Ethic III. In England, King Henry VIII was breaking his ties with the Holy Roman Catholic Church in the 1530s. IV. Some people, called Puritans , were influenced to totally reform (“purify”) the Church of England. V. The Puritans Believed that only “ visible saints ” should be admitted to church membership. Separatists vowed to break away from the Church of England (AKA, the Anglican Church ) because the “saints” would have to sit with the “damned.” These folks became the Pilgrims. King James I , father of the beheaded Charles I,harassed the Separatists out of England because he thought that ifpeople could defy him as their spiritual leader, they might defy him astheir political ruler.
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II. The Pilgrims End Their Pilgrimage at Plymouth I. The Pilgrims or Separatists, came from Holland, where they had fled to after they had left England. They were concerned that their children were getting too “Dutchified.” They wanted a place where they were free to worship their own religion and could live and die as good Pilgrims. II. After negotiating with the Virginia Company, the Separatists leftHolland and sailed for 65 days at sea on the Mayflower until theyarrived off the rocky coast of New England in 1620, a trip in whichonly one person died and one person was born. Less than half of the pilgrims on the Mayflower were actually Separatists. Contrary to myth, the Pilgrims undertook a few surveys before deciding to settle at Plymouth, an area far from Virginia. The Pilgrims became squatters, people without legal right to land and without
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 3 - Chapter 03 Settling in the Northern...

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