APUSH Chapter 9 - Chapter 09 The Confederation and the...

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Chapter 09 The Confederation and the Constitution I. The Pursuit of Equality I. The American Revolution was more of an accelerated evolution than a revolution. II. However, the exodus of some 80,000 Loyalists left a great lack of conservatives. This weakening of the aristocratic “upper crust” let Patriot elites emerge. III. The fight for separation of church and state resulted in notable gains. The Congregational church continued to be legally established (tax supported) by some New England states, but the Anglican Church washumbled and reformed as the Protestant Episcopal Church. IV. Slavery was a large, problematic issue, as the Continental Congressof 1774 had called for the abolition of slavery, and in 1775, thePhiladelphia Quakers founded the world’s first antislaverysociety. This new spirit that “all men are created equal” even inspired a few slave owners to free their slaves. V. Another issue was women. They still were unequal to men, eventhough some had served (disguised as men) in the Revolutionary War. There were some achievements for women such as New Jersey’s 1776 constitution which allowed women to vote (for a time). Mothers devoted to their families were developed as an idea of “republican motherhood” and elevated women to higherstatuses as keepers of the nation’s conscience. Women raised thechildren and thereby held the future of the republic in their hands. II. Constitution Making in the States I. The Continental Congress of 1776 called upon colonies to draft newconstitutions (thus began the formation of the Articles of theConfederation). Massachusetts contributed one innovation when it called a special convention to draft its constitution and made it so that theconstitution could only be changed through another specially calledconstitutional convention. Many states had written documents that represented a fundamental law. Many had a bill of rights and also required annual election of legislators.
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All of them deliberately created weak executive and judicialbranches since they distrusted power due to Britain’s abuse of it. In most states, the legislative branch was given sweeping powers, though some people, like Thomas Jefferson, warned that “173despots [in legislature] would surely be as oppressive as one.” II. Many state capitals followed the migration of the people and movedwestward, as in New Hampshire, New York, Virginia, the Carolinas, andGeorgia. III. Economic Crosscurrents I. After the Revolution, Loyalist land was seized, but people didn’t chop heads off (as later in France). II. Goods formerly imported from England were cut off, forcing Americans to make their own. III.
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 9 - Chapter 09 The Confederation and the...

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