APUSH Chapter 10 - Chapter 10 Launching the New Ship of...

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Chapter 10 Launching the New Ship of State I. Growing Pains I. In 1789, the new U.S. Constitution was launched, and the population was doubling every 20 years. America’s population was still 90% rural, with 5% living west of the Appalachians. Vermont became the 14th state in 1791, and Kentucky, Tennessee, andOhio (states where trans-Appalachian overflow was concentrated) became states soon after. Visitors looked down upon the crude, rough pioneers, and these western people were restive and dubiously loyal at best. II. In the twelve years after American independence, laws had beenbroken and a constitution had been completely scrapped and replacedwith a new one, a government that left much to be desired. III. America was also heavily in debt, and paper money was worthless,but meanwhile, restless monarchs watched to see if the U.S. couldsucceed in setting up a republic while facing such overwhelming odds. II. Washington for President I. At 6’2”, 175 pounds, with broad and sloping shoulders, a stronglypointed chin and pockmarks from smallpox, George Washington was animposing figure, which helped in his getting unanimously elected aspresident by the Electoral College in 1789. II. His long journey from Mt. Vernon to New York (capital at the time)was a triumphant procession filled with cheering crowds and roaringfestivities, and he took his oath of office on April 30, 1789, on abalcony overlooking Wall Street. III. Washington established a diverse cabinet (which was not necessary Constitutional). Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson Secretary of the Treasury: Alexander Hamilton Secretary of War: Henry Knox III. The Bill of Rights I. Many states had ratified the Constitution on the condition thatthere would be a Bill of Rights, and many Anti-Federalists hadcriticized the Constitution for its lack of a Bill. II. The necessary number of states adopted the Bill of Rights in 1791.
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III. Bill of Rights Amendment I: Freedom of religion, speech or press, assembly, and petition. Amendment II: Right to bear arms (for militia). Amendment III: Soldiers can’t be housed in civilian homes during peacetime. Amendment IV: No unreasonable searches; all searches require warrants. Amendment V: Right to refuse to speak during a civil trial; No Double Jeopardy. Amendment VI: Right to a speedy and public trial. Amendment VII: Right to trial by jury when the sum exceeds $20. Amendment VIII: No excessive bails and/or fines. Amendment IX: Other rights not enumerated are also in effect. (“People’s Rights” Amendment) Amendment X: Unlisted powers belong to the state. (“States’ Rights” Amendment) IV. The Judiciary Act of 1789 created effective federal courts. V.
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 10 - Chapter 10 Launching the New Ship of...

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