APUSH Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails of Jeffersonian Republic I. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers I. In the election of 1800, the Federalists had a host of enemies stemming from the Alien and Sedition Acts. II. The Federalists had been most damaged by John Adams’ not declaring war against France. They had raised a bunch of taxes and built a good navy, and thenhad not gotten any reason to justify such spending, making them seemfraudulent as they had also swelled the public debt. John Adams became known as “the Father of the American Navy.” Federalists also launched attacks on Jefferson, saying that he hadrobbed a widow and her children of a trust fund, fathered numerouschildren with his slaves (which turned out to be true), called him anatheist (he was a Deist), and used other inflammatory remarks. II. The Jeffersonian “Revolution of 1800” I. Thomas Jefferson won the election of 1800 by a majority of 73electoral votes to 65, and even though Adams got more popular votes,Jefferson got New York. But, even though Jefferson triumphed, in atechnicality he and Aaron Burr tied for presidency. The vote, according to the Constitution, would now go to the Federalist- dominated House of Representatives. Hateful of Jefferson, many wanted to vote for Burr, and the votewas deadlocked for months until Alexander Hamilton and John Adamspersuaded a few House members to change their votes, knowing that ifthe House voted for Burr, the public outcry would doom the FederalistParty. Finally, a few changed their minds, and Jefferson was elected to the presidency. II. The “Revolution of 1800” was that (1) there was apeaceful transfer of power; Federalists stepped down from office afterJefferson won and did so peacefully, though not necessarily happily and(2) the Republicans were more of the “people’s party”compared to the Federalists. III. Responsibility Breeds Moderation I. On March 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated president in the new capital of Washington D.C.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
In his address, he declared that all Americans were Federalists,all were Republicans, implying that Americans were a mixture. He alsopledged “honest friendship with all nations, entangling allianceswith none.” Jefferson was simple and frugal, and did not seat in regard to rankduring his dinners He also was unconventional, wearing sloppy attire,and he started the precedent of sending messages to Congress to be readby a clerk. There were two Thomas Jeffersons: the scholarly private citizen who philosophized in his study, and the harassed public official whodiscovered that bookish theories worked out differently in practicalpolitics. Jefferson also dismissed few Federalist officials and those who wanted the seats complained. Jefferson had to rely on his casual charm because his party was so
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

APUSH Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online