APUSH Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy I....

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Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy I. The “Corrupt Bargain” of 1824 I. After the Era of Good Feelings, politics was transformed. The bigwinner of this transformation was the common man. Specifically, thecommon white man as universal white manhood suffrage (all white mencould vote) became the norm. II. In the election of 1824, there were four towering candidates:Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, Henry Clay of Kentucky, William H.Crawford of Georgia, and John Q. Adams of Massachusetts. All four called themselves Republicans. Three were a “favorite son” of their respective region but Claythought of himself as a national figure (he was Speaker of the Houseand author of the “American System”). III. In the results, Jackson got the most popular votes and the mostelectoral votes, but he failed to get the majority in the ElectoralCollege. Adams came in second in both, while Crawford was fourth in thepopular vote but third in the electoral votes. Clay was 4th in theelectoral vote. IV. By the 12th Amendment, the top three electoral vote getters wouldbe voted upon in the House of Reps. and the majority (over 50%) wouldbe elected president. V. Clay was eliminated, but he was the Speaker of the House, and sinceCrawford had recently suffered a paralytic stroke and Clay hatedJackson, he threw his support behind John Q. Adams, helping him becomepresident. When Clay was appointed Secretary of the State, the traditionalstepping- stone to the presidency, Jacksonians cried foul play andcorruption. Jackson said he, the people’s choice, had been swindled outof the presidency by career politicians in Washington D.C. John Randolph publicly assailed the alliance between Adams and Clay. VI. Evidence against any possible deal has never been found in this “Corrupt Bargain,” but both men flawed their reputations. II. A Yankee Misfit in the White House I. John Quincy Adams was a man of puritanical honor, and he hadachieved high office by commanding respect rather than by boastinggreat popularity. Like his father, however, he was able but somewhatwooden and lacked the “people’s touch” (which Jackson notably had). II. During his administration, he only removed 12 public servants fromthe federal payroll, thus refusing to kick out efficient officeholdersin favor of his own, possibly less efficient, supporters.
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III. In his first annual message, Adams urged Congress on theconstruction of roads and canals, proposed a national university, andadvocated support for an astronomical observatory. Public reaction was mixed: roads were good, but observatoriesweren’t important, and Southerners knew that if the government didanything, it would have to continue collecting tariffs. IV.
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy I....

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