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November 7th 2007

November 7th 2007 - November 7th 2007 Terms to Remember...

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November 7 th 2007 Terms to Remember: Qing Dynasty (Chi’ing Manchu) 1644- 1911 First Opium War 1839-42 Taiping Rebellion 1851-1864 Second Opium War 1856-1860 Sino-Japanese war 1894-95 Boxer Rebellion 1900 Treaty Ports 1911 Revolution Guomindang (Kuomintang) Place Names: Manchuria Beijing Nanking (Nanjing) Shanghai Canton (Guangzhou) Hong Kong Names of people: Yuan Shikai (1859-1916) Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) In response to repeated military defeats, many Chinese began to think that there was something wrong with the Qing dynasty. Some people began to accuse the bureaucrats themselves; they don’t understand modern technology, they are living fossils and only by getting rid of them can china progress. However, we should not criticize this bureaucracy: This was a bureaucracy that was governed an ideal that differed from European bureaucracy; it undermined hereditary privilege. Anyone was eligible to take the exam and everyone was able to rise in the hierarchy. They were interested in modern technology; they were out thinking about the world. It is easy to understand the reluctance of the mandarins to learning from the Europeans. “Are we supposed to learn from drug pushers, barbarians, people who have invaded from our countries” this was the general feeling after the opium wars. There were 2 grave bigotries of the Chi’ing dynasty: 1. The great military they had established (which lead to their demise) 2. The political activists – “revolutionaries” people who wanted to see the over throw of the Chi’ing dynasty. Many of these activists came from the kinds of groups that came from the Chi’ing dynasty’s structure.
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