Changes in Medical Education.docx - Running head CHANGES IN...

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Running head: CHANGES IN MEDICAL EDUCATION 1 Changes in Medical Education Melissa Haefs Capella University BHA 4002 U03a1
CHANGES IN MEDICAL EDUCATION 2 Introduction Medical education has changed profoundly through the years. What started as apprenticeships has evolved into years of training and education. In this paper we will discuss the evolvement of medical education from the 19 th century through today and the importance of understanding the history of medical education. The Changing Scope of Medical Education The medical education system of the 19 th century consisted of apprenticeships. The physicians would bring their own apprentices to the hospital (Young & Kroth, 2018). The apprenticeships became so popular that the hospitals began charging a fee to students who did not have a doctor to apprentice. “By 1773, the hospital felt it had become necessary to regulate this training system and initiated a program whereby an aspiring physician would pay a fee to the hospital and be formally apprenticed to the institution for five years” (Young & Kroth, 2018, p. 141). Once they completed the apprenticeship, they would earn a certificate. In the early 1800s there were only four medical schools, and few limitations on who could practice medicine (Young & Kroth, 2018). Eventually, more medical schools started developing and as they developed the physician’s diplomas became seen as licenses to practice. Once states started to restrict the licenses to graduates, physicians from medical schools began to outnumber the apprentices. As a result, more schools began to develop. The problem was, there were still not specific acceptance

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