APUSH Chapter 17

APUSH Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Manifest Destiny and Its...

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Chapter 17 Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy I. The Accession of “Tyler Too” I. The Whig leaders, namely Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, had plannedto control newly elected President William H. Harrison, but their planshit a snag when he contracted pneumonia and died—only four weeksafter he came to the White House. II. The new president was John Tyler, a Virginian gentleman who was a lone wolf. He did not agree with the Whig party, since the Whigs were pro-bankand pro- protective tariff, and pro-internal improvements, but hailingfrom the South, he was not. Tyler was really more of a Democrat. II. John Tyler: A President Without a Party I. After their victory, the Whigs unveiled their platform for America: Financial reform would come in the form of a law ending the independent treasury system; Tyler agreeably signed it. A new bill for a new Bank of the U.S. was on the table, but Claydidn’t try hard enough to conciliate with Tyler and get itpassed, and it was vetoed. II. Whig extremists now started to call Tyler “his accidency.” His entire cabinet resigned, except for Webster. III. Also, Tyler vetoed a proposed Whig tariff. IV. The Whigs redrafted and revised the tariff, taking out thedollar-distribution scheme and pushing down the rates to about themoderately protective level of 1832 (32%), and Tyler, realizing that atariff was needed, reluctantly signed it. III. A War of Words with England I. At this time, anti-British sentiment was high because thepro-British Federalists had died out, there had been two wars withBritain, and the British travelers in America scoffed at the“uncivilized” Americans. II. American and British magazines ripped each other’s countries,but fortunately, this war was only of words and not of blood. III. In the 1800s, America with its expensive canals and railroads was aborrowing nation while Britain was the one that lent money, but whenthe Panic of 1837 broke out, the Englishmen who lost money assailedtheir rash American borrowers. IV. In 1837, a small rebellion in Canada broke out, and Americans furnished arms and supplies. V. Also in 1837, an American steamer, the Caroline, was attacked in N. and set afire by a British force.
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VI. Tensions were high afterwards, but later calmed; then in 1841,British officials in the Bahamas offered asylum to some 130 revoltingslaves who had captured the ship Creole. IV. Manipulating the Maine Maps I. Maine had claimed territory on its northern and eastern border thatwas also claimed by England, and there were actually small skirmishesin the area (the “Aroostook War” of feuding lumberjacks). II. Luckily, in 1842 Britain sent Lord Ashburton to negotiate withDaniel Webster, and after talks, the two agreed to what is now calledthe Webster-Ashburton Treaty, which gave Britain their desiredHalifax-Quebec route for a road while America got a bit more land northof Maine. III.
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Johhfear during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Manifest Destiny and Its...

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