APUSH Chapter 19

APUSH Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 Drifting Toward Disunion I....

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Chapter 19 Drifting Toward Disunion I. Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries I. In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe published Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a popular book that awakened the passions of the North toward the evils of slavery. In one line, it’s about the splitting up of a slave familyand the cruel mistreatment of likeable Uncle Tom by a cruel slavemaster. The book sold millions of copies, and overseas, British people were charmed by it. The South cried foul, saying Stowe’s portrayal of slavery was wrong and unfair. The book helped Britain stay out of the Civil War because itspeople, who had read the book and had now denounced slavery becausethey sympathized with Uncle Tom, wouldn’t allow intervention onbehalf of the South. II. Another book, The Impending Crisis of the South, writtenby Hinton R. Helper , a non- aristocratic white North Carolinian, triedto prove, by an array of statistics, that the non- slave-holdingSouthern whites were really the ones most hurt by slavery. Published in the North, this book and Uncle Tom’s Cabin were both banned in the South, but widely read in the North. They drove the North—South wedge deeper. II. The North-South Contest for Kansas I. Northerners began to pour into Kansas, and Southerners wereoutraged, since they had supported the Compromise of 1850 under theimpression that Kansas would become a slave state. II. Thus, on election day in 1855, hordes of Southerners “borderruffians” from Missouri flooded the polls and elected Kansas tobe a slave state; free-soilers were unable to stomach this and set uptheir own government in Topeka. Thus, confused Kansans had to chose between two governments: oneillegal (free government in Topeka) and the other fraudulent (slaverygovernment in Shawnee). III. In 1856, a group of pro-slavery raiders shot up and burnt part of Lawrence, thus starting violence. III. Kansas in Convulsion I. John Brown, a crazy man (literally), led a band of followers toPottawatomie Creek in May of 1856 and hacked to death five presumablepro-slaveryites.
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This brutal violence surprised even the most ardent abolitionistsand brought swift retaliation from pro-slaveryites. “BleedingKansas” was earning its name. II. By 1857, Kansas had enough people to apply for statehood, and thosefor slavery devised the Lecompton Constitution, which provided that thepeople were only allowed to vote for the constitution “withslavery” or “without slavery.” However, even if the constitution was passed “withoutslavery,” those slaveholders already in the state would still beprotected. So, slaves would be in Kansas, despite the vote. Angry free-soilers boycotted the polls and Kansas approved the constitution with slavery. III.
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Johhfear during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 Drifting Toward Disunion I....

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