APUSH Chapter 20

APUSH Chapter 20 - Chapter 20 Girding for War I. The Menace...

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Chapter 20 Girding for War I. The Menace of Secession I. On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated president, havingslipped into Washington D.C. to thwart assassins, and in his inauguraladdress, he stated that there would be no conflict unless the Southprovoked it. II. He marked restoration of the union as his top goal, and offered doubts about it splitting. He stated that geographically, the United States could not be split (which was true). A split U.S. brought up questions about the sharing of the national debt and the allocation of federal territories. A split U.S. also pleased the European countries, since the U.S.was the only major display of democracy in the Western Hemisphere, andwith a split U.S., the Monroe Doctrine could be undermined as well ifthe new C.S.A. allowed Europe to gain a foothold with it. II. South Carolina Assails Fort Sumter I. Most of the forts in the South had relinquished their power to theConfederacy, but Fort Sumter was among the two that didn’t. Andsince its supplies were running out against a besieging SouthCarolinian army, Lincoln had a problem of how to deal with thesituation. Lincoln wisely chose to send supplies to the fort, and he told theSouth Carolinian governor that the ship to the fort only heldprovisions, not reinforcements. However, to the South, provisions were reinforcements, and on April12, 1861, cannons were fired onto the fort; after 34 hours ofnon-lethal firing, the fort surrendered. II. Northerners were inflamed by the South’s actions, and Lincolnnow called on 75,000 volunteers; so many came that they had to beturned away. III. On April 19 and 27, Lincoln also called a naval blockade on the South that was leaky at first but soon clamped down tight. IV. The Deep South (which had already seceded), felt that Lincoln wasnow waging an aggressive war, and was joined by four more Southernstates: Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. The capital of the Confederacy was moved from Montgomery, AL to Richmond, VA. III. Brother’s Blood and Border Blood
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I. The remaining Border States (Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland) werecrucial for both sides, as they would have almost doubled themanufacturing capacity of the South and increased its supply of horsesand mules by half. They’re called “border states” because… they are on the North-South border and… they are slave-states. They have not seceded, but at any moment, they just might. II. Thus, to retain them, Lincoln used moral persuasion…and methods of dubious legality: In Maryland, he declared martial law in order to retain a statethat would isolate Washington D.C. within Confederate territory if itwent to the South He also sent troops to western Virginia and Missouri to secure those areas. III.
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Johhfear during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 20 - Chapter 20 Girding for War I. The Menace...

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