APUSH Chapter 29

APUSH Chapter 29 - Chapter 29 Wilsonian Progressivism at...

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Chapter 29 I. The “Bull Moose” Campaign of 1912 I. With the Republican party split wide open, the Democrats sensedthat they could win the presidency for the first time in 16 years. One possible candidate was Dr. Woodrow Wilson, a once-mildconservative but now militant progressive who had been the president ofPrinceton University, governor of New Jersey (where he didn’tpermit himself to be controlled by the bosses), and had attacked trustsand passed liberal measures. In 1912, in Baltimore, the Democrats nominated Wilson on the 46thballot, after William Jennings Bryan swung his support over toWilson’s side. The Democratic ticket would run under a platform called “New Freedom,” which would include many progressive reforms. II. At the Progressive convention, Jane Addams put TheodoreRoosevelt’s name on the nomination, and as TR spoke, he ignitedan almost-religious spirit in the crowd. TR got the Progressive nomination, and entering the campaign, TRsaid that he felt “as strong as a bull moose,” making thatanimal the unofficial Progressive symbol. III. Republican William Taft and TR tore into each other, as the formerfriends now ripped every aspect of each other’s platforms andpersonalities. IV. Meanwhile, TR’s “New Nationalism” and Wilson’s “New Freedom” became the key issues. Roosevelt’s New Nationalism was inspired by HerbertCroly’s The Promise of American Life (1910), and it stated thatthe government should control the bad trusts, leaving the good trustsalone and free to operate. TR also campaigned for female suffrage and a broad program of social welfare, such as minimum-wage laws and “socialistic”social insurance. Wilson’s New Freedom favored small enterprise, desired tobreak up all trusts —not just the bad ones—and basicallyshunned social-welfare proposals. V. The campaign was stopped when Roosevelt was shot in the chest inMilwaukee, but he delivered his speech anyway, was rushed to thehospital, and recovered in two weeks. II. Woodrow Wilson: A Minority President With the Republicans split, Woodrow Wilson easily won with 435Electoral votes, while TR had 88 and Taft only had 8. But, theDemocrats did not receive the majority of the popular vote (only 41%)! Socialist Eugene V. Debs racked up over 900,000 popular votes,while the combined popular totals of TR and Taft exceeded Wilson.Essentially, TR’s participation had cost the Republicans theelection. William Taft would later become the only U.S. president to beappointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, when he was nominated in1921. III. Wilson: The Idealist in Politics Woodrow Wilson was a sympathizer with the South, a fine orator, asincere and morally appealing politician, and a very intelligent man.
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I. He was also cold personality-wise, austere, intolerant of stupidity, and very idealistic. When convinced he was right, Wilson would break before he would bend, unlike
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Johhfear during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 29 - Chapter 29 Wilsonian Progressivism at...

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