APUSH Chapter 30

APUSH Chapter 30 - Chapter 30 The War to End Wars I. II....

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Chapter 30 The War to End Wars I. War by Act of Germany I. On January 22, 1917, Woodrow Wilson made one final, attempt toavert war, delivering a moving address that correctly declared only a“peace without victory” (beating Germany withoutembarrassing them) would be lasting. Germany responded by shocking the world, announcing that it wouldbreak the Sussex pledge and return to unrestricted submarine warfare,which meant that its U- boats would now be firing on armed and unarmedships in the war zone. II. Wilson asked Congress for the authority to arm merchant ships, but a band of Midwestern senators tried to block this measure. III. Then, the Zimmerman note was intercepted and published on March 1, 1917. Written by German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmerman, it secretlyproposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico. It proposed that ifMexico fought against the U.S. and the Central Powers won, Mexico couldrecover Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona from the U.S. IV. The Germans also began to make good on their threats, sinkingnumerous ships. Meanwhile, in Russia, a revolution toppled the tsaristregime. V. On April 2, 1917, President Wilson asked Congress to declare war,which it did four days later; Wilson had lost his gamble at staying outof the war. II. Wilsonian Idealism Enthroned I. Many people still didn’t want to enter into war, for Americahad prided itself in isolationism for decades, and now, Wilson wasentangling America in a distant war. Six senators and 50 representatives, including the first Congresswoman, Jeanette Ranking, voted against war. II. To gain enthusiasm for the war, Wilson came up with the idea ofAmerica entering the war to “make the world safe fordemocracy.” This idealistic motto worked brilliantly, but with the new Americanzeal came the loss of Wilson’s earlier motto, “peacewithout victory.” III. Wilson’s Fourteen Potent Points I. On January 8, 1917, Wilson delivered his Fourteen Points Address to Congress. II. The Fourteen Points were a set of idealistic goals for peace. The main points were… No more secret treaties. Freedom of the seas was to be maintained. A removal of economic barriers among nations. Reduction of armament burdens. Adjustment of colonial claims in the interests of natives and colonizers. “Self-determination,” or independence for oppressed minority groups who’d choose their government A League of Nations, an international organization that would keep the peace and settle world disputes. IV. Creel Manipulates Minds
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I. The Committee on Public Information, headed by George Creel, wascreated to “sell” the war to those people who were againstit or to just gain support for it. The Creel organization sent out an army of 75,000 men to deliverspeeches in
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Johhfear during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 30 - Chapter 30 The War to End Wars I. II....

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