APUSH Chapter 31

APUSH Chapter 31 - Chapter 31 American Life in the Roaring...

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Chapter 31 American Life in the Roaring ‘20s I. Seeing Red I. After World War I, America turned inward, away from the world, andstarted a policy of “isolationism.” Americans denounced“radical” foreign ideas and “un-American”lifestyles. II. The “Red Scare” of 1919-20 resulted in Attorney GeneralA. Mitchell Palmer (“Fighting Quaker”) using a series ofraids to round up and arrest about 6,000 suspected Communists. III. In December of 1919, 249 alleged alien radicals were deported on the Buford. IV. The Red Scare severely cut back free speech for a period, since thehysteria caused many people to want to eliminate any Communists andtheir ideas. Some states made it illegal to merely advocate the violent overthrow of government for social change. In 1921, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted ofmurdering a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard. The two accused wereItalians, atheists, anarchists, and draft dodgers, and the courts mayhave been prejudiced against them. V. In this time period, anti-foreignism (or “nativism”) was high. VI. Liberals and radicals rallied around the two men, but they were executed. II. Hooded Hoodlums of the KKK I. The new Ku Klux Klan was anti-foreign, anti-Catholic, anti-black,anti-Jewish, anti- pacifist, anti-Communist, anti-internationalist,anti-revolutionist, anti-bootlegger, anti- gambling, anti-adultery, andanti-birth control. II. More simply, it was pro-White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) and anti-everything else. III. At its peak in the 1920s, it claimed 5 million members, mostly from the South, but it also featured a reign of hooded horror. The KKK employed the same tactics of fear, lynchings, and intimidation. It was stopped not by the exposure of its horrible racism, but by its money fraud. III. Stemming the Foreign Flood I. In 1920-21, some 800,000 European “New Immigrants”(mostly from the southeastern Europe regions) came to the U.S. andCongress passed the Emergency Quota Act of 1921, in which newcomersfrom Europe were restricted at any year to a quota, which was set at 3%of the people of their nationality who lived in the U.S. in 1910. *This policy still really favored the Slavs and the southeasternEuropeans in comparison to other groups. So, a new policy wassought…* A replacement law was found in the Immigration Act of 1924, which cutthe quota down to 2% and the origins base was shifted to that of 1890,when few southeastern Europeans lived in America.* This change clearly had racial undertones beneath it (New Immigrants out, Old Immigrants in).* This act also slammed the door against Japanese immigrants.* By 1931, for the first time in history, more people left America than came here.
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I. The immigrant tide was now cut off, but those that were in America struggled to adapt. Labor unions in particular had difficulty in organizing because of the
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Johhfear during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 31 - Chapter 31 American Life in the Roaring...

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