APUSH Chapter 35

APUSH Chapter 35 - Chapter 35 America in World War II I....

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Chapter 35 America in World War II I. The Allies Trade Space for Time I. When Japan attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor, millions ofinfuriated Americans, especially on the west coast, instantly changedtheir views from isolationist to avenger. II. However, America, led by the wise Franklin D. Roosevelt, resistedsuch pressures, instead taking a “get Germany first”approach to the war, for if Germany were to defeat Britain before theAllies could beat Japan, there would be no stopping Hitler and his men. Meanwhile, just enough troops would be sent to fight Japan to keep it in check. III. America had the hardship of preparing for war, since it had been inisolation for the preceding decades, and the test would be whether ornot it could mobilize quickly enough to stop Germany and make the worldsafe for democracy (again). II. The Shock of War I. After the attack at Pearl Harbor, national unity was strong as steel, and the few Hitler supporters in America faded away. II. Most of America’s ethnic groups assimilated even faster dueto WWII, since in the decades before the war, few immigrants had beenallowed into America. Unfortunately, on the Pacific coast, 110,000 Japanese-Americanswere taken from their homes and herded into internment camps wheretheir properties and freedoms were taken away. The 1944 case of Korematsu v. U.S. affirmed the constitutionality of these camps. It took more than 40 years before the U.S. admitted fault and made $20,000 reparation payments to camp survivors. III. With the war, many New Deal programs were wiped out, such as theCivilian Conservation Corps, the Works Progress Administration, and theNational Youth Administration. IV. WWII was no idealistic crusade, as most Americans didn’t evenknow what the Atlantic Charter (declaration of U.S. goals going intothe war such as to fight Germany first, and Japan second) was. III. Building the War Machine I. Massive military orders (over $100 billion in 1942 alone) ended the Great Depression by creating demand for jobs and production. II. Shipbuilder Henry J. Kaiser was dubbed “Sir Launchalot”because his methods of ship assembly churned out one ship every 14 days! III. The War Production Board halted manufacture of nonessential itemssuch as passenger cars, and when the Japanese seized vital rubbersupplies in British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, the U.S. imposeda national speed limit and gasoline rationing to save tires.
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IV. Farmers rolled out more food, but the new sudden spurt inproduction made prices soar —a problem that was finally solved bythe regulation of prices by the Office of Price Administration. V. Many essential goods were rationed. VI. Meanwhile labor unions pledged not to strike during the war, some did anyway. The United Mine Workers was one such group and was led by John L. Lewis.
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Johhfear during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas Pine Bluff.

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APUSH Chapter 35 - Chapter 35 America in World War II I....

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