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AP EURO Chapter 17

AP EURO Chapter 17 - CHAPTER 17 Absolutism in Eastern...

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CHAPTER 17 Absolutism in Eastern Europe in 1740 I. Lords and peasants in eastern Europe A. Overall, between 1400 and 1650 the princes and landed nobility of eastern Europe  rolled back the gains made earlier by the peasantry; serfdom was reimposed. B. The medieval background (1400-1650)     1. Personal and economic freedom for peasants increased between 1050 and 1300. a. Serfdom nearly disappeared. b. Peasants bargained freely with their landlords and moved about as they  pleased. 2. After 1300, powerful lords in eastern Europe revived serfdom to combat their  economic problems. a. Laws that restricted the peasants' right of free movement were passed. b. Lords took more and more of the peasants' land and imposed heavier labor  obligations. C. The consolidation of serfdom     1. The reestablishment of hereditary serfdom took place in Poland, Prussia, and  Russia between 1500 and 1650. 2. The consolidation of serfdom was accompanied by the growth of estate  agriculture. a. Lords seized peasant land for their own estates. b. They then demanded unpaid serf labor on those estates. 3. Political reasons for changes in serfdom in eastern Europe were the most  important. a. Serfdom increased because of political, not economic, reasons. b. Weak monarchs could not resist the demands of the powerful noble  landlords. c. The absence of the western concept of sovereignty meant that the king did  not think in terms of protecting the people of the nation. d. Overall, the peasants had less political power in eastern Europe and less  solidarity.
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e. The landlords systematically undermined the medieval privileges of the  towns. 1. The lords sold directly to foreign capitalists instead of to local merchants. 2. Eastern towns lost their medieval right of refuge. 3. Western Europeans began to regard eastern Europe as culturally and  morally inferior. II. The rise of Austria and Prussia A. Austria and the Ottoman Turks     1. After the Thirty Years' War, the Austrian Habsburgs turned inward and eastward  to unify their holdings. a. The Habsburgs replaced the Bohemian Czech (Protestant) nobility with their  own warriors. b.
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AP EURO Chapter 17 - CHAPTER 17 Absolutism in Eastern...

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