REVIEW_ON_RHEOLOGICAL_CHARACTERIZATION_O.pdf - International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology(IJCIET Volume 10 Issue 12 December 2019 pp

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395 [email protected] International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET) Volume 10, Issue 12, December 2019, pp. 395-405, Article ID: IJCIET_10_12_039 Available online at ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316 © IAEME Publication doi: 10.34218/IJCIET.10.12.2019.039 REVIEW ON RHEOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF BIO-OILS/BIO- BINDERS AND THEIR APPLICABILITY IN THE FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT INDUSTRY Ahmed Hemida Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA Magdy Abdelrahman, Ph.D. Missouri Asphalt Pavement Association (MAPA) Endowed Professor Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engi n eering Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA ABSTRACT This paper mainly presents a qualitative review on to what extent the bio-oil has the potential to replace asphalt binder for a sustainable, flexible pavement industry. The current research comprises reviews on the rheological characterization of pure bio-oils and bio-oil modified binders (bio-binders) investigated in the literature. The literature showed that several sources of bio-oils have the potential to contribute to the flexible pavement industry. This research mainly discusses the high-temperature properties, especially viscosity for the construction process (mixing and compaction) and viscoelasticity for the elevated temperature of in-service roads. This review paper encourages orientation towards these kinds of renewable sources of binders in the flexible pavement industry regarding economics, sustainability, and environmental aspects. All reviewed bio-oils in this work, which are waste wood, switchgrass, and waste cooking oil (WCO), could provide a partial or entire substitute binder as they have excellent compatibility with conventional asphalt. Like asphalt, several bio-oils are thermo-plastic viscoelastic and are very susceptible to temperature change. Additionally, they have relatively lower viscosity at mixing and compaction temperatures, which could be reflected by saving energy in the construction process. Keywords: Bio-Binder, Bio-Oil, DSR, Dynamic Viscosity, Viscoelasticity. Cite this Article: Ahmed Hemida, Magdy Abdelrahman, Review on Rheological Characterization of Bio-Oils/Bio-Binders and their Applicability in the Flexible Pavement Industry. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology 10(12), 2019, 395-405.
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Review on Rheological Characterization of Bio-Oils/Bio-Binders and their Applicability in the Flexible Pavement Industry 396 [email protected] 1. INTRODUCTION In recent years, the crude oil situation has started to evolve into a crisis [1, 2]. During the 20th century, this crisis did not exist, since crude oil was dominant as the most significant energy and flexible pavement source. Consecutively seeking innovative binders to partially or
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