08032011_problem solving

08032011_problem solving - Problem Solving Date Psych213...

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Date: 3/3/2011 Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic ©Copyright Noti ce. For individual use only. The slides may not be copied, distributed or disseminated in any form without written permission. Problem Solving 1
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Announcements Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 2 March Fridays : 9.30a-10.30am—drop in office hrs Midterm Review—Until March 16 th (~2 Weeks)— Your TA has your exam Social cognition article is posted (Adolphs, 1999). Last week’s topics
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Last Week Topics Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 3 1. Split-Brain. The discussion topics include perception, brain anatomy, language and consciousness. 2. Face perception, Prosopagnosia, and Capgras delusion. Behavioral and neural uniqueness of face perception as well as resulting neuropsychological syndromes when the brain areas responsible for face perception are damaged. 3. Brain development and brain plasticity. We will look at the link between developing brain structures and cognition as well as examine brain's ability to regenerate and reorganize itself (i.e., brain plasticity). 4. Consciousness. We will examine the topic of human consciousness. What is it? How do we study it? What are the neural mechanisms? 5. Psychology of magic. We will look at the research that has studied the links between magic and attention. 6. Autism. We will examine the neurodevelopmental syndrome of autism with special emphasis placed on understanding the nature of prevailing social cognitive deficits. 7. Cognitive Ethology. We will take a closer look into this new approach for studying human cognition. 8. Publishing process in academia. How are research findings published, types of publications, and peer review process. 9. Synaesthesia. Definitions, origins, and explanations. 10. Review of all class material in preparation for the final exam (April 21).
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Overview Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 4 When do we have a problem? Problem solving cycle Types of problems Hindrances and aids to problem solving
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Problem solving Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 5
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Problem solving Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 6 When we cannot immediately recall an answer from memory—we have a problem! E.g., 2x2=? (Should not be a problem) E.g., How can I repay my student loan in the shortest period of time? (Could be a problem!) Problem-solving involves going beyond the given information and transforming it to get an answer to a question.
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Problem solving Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 7 Problem-solving relies on many cognitive processes: attention (attending to the aspects of the problem that are most important) memory (bringing to mind strategies and techniques that have worked in the past) language (understanding and communicating the problem) Long thought to be a unique human ability E.g., Koehler
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Problem solving cycle Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 8 7 general steps taken while solving problems (1)Problem identification Identifying that you have a problem can sometimes be a difficult step!
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