cog march 15

cog march 15 - Intelligence & Creativity Date: 3/3/2011...

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Date: 3/3/2011 Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic ©Copyright Noti ce. For individual use only. The slides may not be copied, distributed or disseminated in any form without written permission. 1
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Announcements Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 2 March Fridays : 9.30a-10.30am—drop in office hrs Social cognition article is posted (Adolphs, 1999). Autism reading is posted (Nation and Penny, 2008)
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Wason card selection task Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 3 V 2 O 7 Letter on one side, number on the other. Turn 2 cards to test the rule: If consonant, then even number. Modus ponens Affirm antecedent Modus tollens Deny consequent Affirm consequent Invalid argument Consonant can still be paired with odd number (card 4) 3 4 G A Deny antecedent Invalid argument Don’t care about vowels 3 4 G A
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Overview Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 4 Defining intelligence Theories of human intelligence Spearman Sternberg Gardner Biological bases of intelligence Brain anatomy and intelligence Can Einstein’s brain give us an answer? Creativity
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Overview Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 5 Lets try some questions! 1.Complete this series 100%, 0.75, ½, (a)Whole (b)One eight (c)One fourth 2. You are at a party of truth tellers and liars. The truth tellers always tell the truth, and the liars always lie. You meet someone new. He tells you that he just heard a conversation in which a girl said she was a liar. Is the person you met a truth teller or a liar?
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Defining intelligence Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 6 Central concept in psychology Difficult to define Alfred Binet: Devise a test to measure the extent to which a child will benefit from formal schooling. Binet & Simon devised a test to discriminate between typically developing children and those with lower intelligence. It all had to do with school performance. Defined intelligence as: fundamental faculty which is of utmost importance to practical life. Includes judgment, practical sense, initiative, adapting oneself to circumstances. Dynamic pocesss hwere
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Defining intelligence Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 7 1921, Journal of Educational Psychology asked 14 psychologists to define intelligence Varied responses but 2 overall themes: Capacity to learn from experience Ability to adapt to the surrounding environment 1986, 24 psychologists were asked the same question Underscored the same two points, and broadened the definition; importance of metacognition was addded Metacognition (our understanding of our own mental processes The role of culture Not culturally variant but we have to include
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Defining intelligence Psych213 Winter 2011, Prof Ristic Slide Number 8 Robert Sternberg (current researcher) “Intelligence is a capacity to learn from experience using metacognitive processes to enhance learning and the ability to adapt to the
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This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course PSYCH 213 taught by Professor Jelenaristic during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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cog march 15 - Intelligence & Creativity Date: 3/3/2011...

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