02032011_Language

02032011_Language - Language Where we are going Language...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2/28/11 1 1 Language Where we are going… What is language? How do we study language? What is communicated by language? How do people access and use knowledge of more than one language while they read? How do people access and use knowledge of more than one language when they listen? 2 Language • “When we study human language, we are approaching what some might call the “human essence”, the distinctive qualities of mind that are, so far as we know, unique to man” – Noam Chomsky 3 Language A systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols The neurocognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic symbols A social act whereby we accomplish specific interpersonal goals Language = “The music with which we charm the serpents guarding another’s treasure” Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary A joint activity, like a dance (Clark, 1996) Ballroom dancing vs. Free-style…
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2/28/11 2 7 What is communicated with language? “She did a heck of a job.” 8 What is communicated with language? “She did a heck of a job.” Orthographic features Phonological features Words Prosodic Contour 9 What is communicated with language? “She did a heck of a job.” Syntactic Parse Semantic Retrieval Compositional Analysis = Literal/propositional meaning NP S VP 10 What is communicated with language? “She did a heck of a job.” Syntactic Parse Semantic Retrieval Compositional Analysis = Literal/propositional meaning NP S VP Referential Assignment Who’s “she”? 11 What is communicated with language? “She did a heck of a job.” Syntactic Parse Semantic Retrieval Compositional Analysis = Literal/propositional meaning NP S VP Referential Assignment Who’s “she”? Meaning lookup & referential assignment What job? 12 What is communicated with language? “She did a heck of a job.” Nonliteral or figurative retrieval e.g., “heck of a” = good NP S VP
Background image of page 2
2/28/11 3 13 What is communicated with language? “She did a heck of a job.” Integration with Social-Pragmatic Context e.g., in response to a great performance; a terrible performance; prosody; spoken by a low power person to a high power person, etc. NP S VP 14 What is communicated with language? A lot… Language-specific material – Sound patterns of words; visual patterns of words; grammatical units Compositional meaning – Combining semantics and syntax to build sentence meaning; produces “literal” meaning Figurative meaning – Directly-retrieved conventional meaning (idioms - beg the question ) – Created for specific context (metaphor - the speaker is a gem ) Social-pragmatic meaning
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

02032011_Language - Language Where we are going Language...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online