ch 1,2,7 cognition

ch 1,2,7 cognition - C HAPTER 1 : Cognition What is...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 1 : Cognition What is Cognition? Folk psychology – A set of assumptions and theories based on everyday behaviours of ourselves and others The Oxford English Dictionary lists several meanings for cognition, including it being the action or faculty of knowing. Cognition is the action of knowing. The study of cognition is the study of processes: the ways in which we become acquainted with things. Also, it can be seen as a faculty (it has been common to divide the mind into faculties that represent the different mental activities of which we are capable). A list of concepts associated with cognition includes: Awareness – Do we have to attend consciously to information in order to acquire it? Can unattended-to information influence subsequent cognitive processes? Intelligence – Is intelligence best measured by how quickly someone can process information, or is there more to it than that? What about sagacity, which is the ability to think wisely. Sometimes the wise answer is not the first one that comes to mind. Intuition – Could insight be the outcome of prior work, rather than something that just happens? Personal acquaintance – Are the cognitive processes we use to understand other people similar to the ones we use to understand impersonal events? How do our emotions influence our cognition, and vice versa?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Recognition – ‘to know again’ or to ‘review and revise’. How do we decide which events go together, or belong to the same class? Skill – Often means applying a reasoned approach to solving a problem. It can manifest itself in a variety of ways, but is perhaps best understood when observed in the application of practical knowledge in a real-world situation. Understanding – The ability to make good decisions, reasonable judgements, and to comprehend what is going on around us – these and many other processes are parts of the ways that we understand our situation. Cognitive Psychology and Information-Processing Theory To many people, the everyday activities – attending, comprehending, remembering and problem-solving – fall under the general heading of “thinking”. To psychologists, they are aspects of information-processing, the subject matter of cognitive psychology. The concept of information-processing came about from telephone and radio engineering (specifically from the technical research conducted by Shannon in 1948, and Shannon and Weaver in 1949). They proposed that all forms of communication could be broken down into a sequence of events with at least three major stages: 1. A sender – Encodes the message which may be flashes of light, puffs of smokes, dots and dashes, or some other representation of letters, words, or numbers. 2. A communication channel – Once encoded, the signals are transmitted via a
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/04/2011 for the course PSYC 213 taught by Professor Levitin during the Spring '08 term at McGill.

Page1 / 36

ch 1,2,7 cognition - C HAPTER 1 : Cognition What is...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online