com220 appendix E-wk 3

com220 appendix E-wk 3 - Axia College Material Appendix E...

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Axia College Material Appendix E Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing Sources Summarize: Be brief. Reflect key facts or ideas. Help readers understand context. Do not insert personal views. Write in your own words, except for quotations. The most common gateway drugs are tobacco, alcohol and marijuana. The gateway effect causes people to have an increased risk of progressing to harder drugs. Another form of relative risk that is occasionally cited in support of the gateway effect is that younger users of marijuana have a higher risk of initiating hard drug use than older marijuana users (Morral, McCafrey, & Paddock, 2008). This relative risk differs from the gateway effect theory because it finds that risk of hard drug initiation is conditioned on characteristics of the user such as age, rather than on marijuana use alone. There are studies that are being done on monozygotic and dizygotic twins in the USA to demonstrate the contributions that genetics, family and environment have on the usage of drugs (Morral, McCafrey, & Paddock, 2008). According to this article the gateway effect is inconclusive because primary evidence supporting gateway effects is equally consistent with an alternative model of adolescent drug use initiation in which use of marijuana has no effect on the later use of hard drugs. Morral, A. R. McCaffrey, D. F. & Paddock, S. M. (2008) The Evidence
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This note was uploaded on 08/05/2011 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Christianfaught during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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com220 appendix E-wk 3 - Axia College Material Appendix E...

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