Business&IT-Trends-v1

Business&IT-Trends-v1 - Business and IT Trends...

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1 July 10, 2007 1 ERP Implementation Training Business and IT Trends Ronald E. Giachetti, Ph.D. Associate Professor Industrial and Systems Engineering Florida International University July 10, 2007 1 slide 2 ERP Implementation Project Management Overview s A high level discussion of business and IT trends impacting industry and the enterprise system market. Business need for integration Security Supply chains and outsourcing Data warehouses Model and abstraction of software artifacts Web services RFID
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2 July 10, 2007 1 slide 3 ERP Implementation Project Management Organization Structure Requires Integration Marketing Design Production IE Manufacturing President •Organization theory prescribes decomposing the complex organization into smaller units that are easier to manage. •Give rise to two problems: •INFORMATION PROBLEM Units naturally erect barriers to flow of information. •COORDINATION PROBLEM The unit’s work must be coordinated with other units in order to meet overall organization goals. •The functional differentiation must be accompanied by appropriate integration . July 10, 2007 1 slide 4 ERP Implementation Project Management Enterprise Chaos Client/Server Application Oracle E-commerce applications Legacy Applications DB2 Field Applications application Data Data Packaged application application Data B a t c h d l o e x r D b s p lic i n
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3 July 10, 2007 1 slide 5 ERP Implementation Project Management Why we have heterogeneity s Systems are designed for local needs. Outside needs are extraneous. Locally optimal hardware, software applications, and networks. s Each distinct domain has its own ontology. a set of well-defined terms,which delimit the domain of discourse relationships among those terms, chosen from a limited set The ontology may be formal (KIF, KQML) or not (XML) PHYSICAL HETEROGENITY APPLICATION HETEROGENITY SEMANTIC HETEROGENITY July 10, 2007 1 slide 6 ERP Implementation Project Management Economic Drivers s NIST (1999) estimates the US automotive industry spends $1 billion per year due to poor interoperability s Commercial ERP and related systems are sought after to integrate the enterprise and annual sales of these ERP systems are expected to exceed $20 billion by 2002 (Gartner Group 1999). Even with ERP most companies must still integrate the ERP system with legacy and other systems (Thermistocleus 2001). Organizations change due to mergers and acquisitions Organizations change due to mergers and acquisitions Organizations must integrate into supply chain, virtual enterprise, outsource Organizations must Organizations must integrate into supply chain, integrate into supply chain, virtual enterprise, outsource virtual enterprise, outsource
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4 July 10, 2007 1 slide 7 ERP Implementation Project Management Needed: The Horizontal View Business Value Business Business Process Process Optimize the Enterprise
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Business&IT-Trends-v1 - Business and IT Trends...

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