2.1.The actions of drugs

2.1.The actions of drugs - Names of Drugs The Actions of...

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The Actions of Drugs Origins of Drugs ! Most drugs come from plants or are chemically derived from plants Names of Drugs ! Chemical name: Complete chemical description of the molecule ! Example: N'-[2-[[5-(dimethylaminomethyl)-2-furyl] methylsulfanyl]ethyl]-N-methyl-2-nitro-ethene-1,1-diamine ! Generic name: Official (legal) name, listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) ! Example: ranitidine ! Brand name: Specific drug or formulation trademarked by manufacturer; can be patented for 20 years ! Example: Zantac® Categories of Drugs ! Stimulants produce wakefulness, a sense of energy ! Depressants slow nervous system activity ! Opioids (narcotics) reduce pain ! ___________ produce altered perceptions ! Psychotherapeutics control mental disorders ! Some drugs have effects typical of more than one category ! Marijuana ! Nicotine
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Classification of Psychoactive Drugs Drug Identification ! The Physician’s Desk Reference (PDR) includes color photographs of many legally manufactured pharmaceuticals ! Illegal drugs are sometimes shaped, marked, or packaged in
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2.1.The actions of drugs - Names of Drugs The Actions of...

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