2.2.Stimulants

2.2.Stimulants - Stimulants ! Stimulants are substances...

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Unformatted text preview: Stimulants ! Stimulants are substances that keep a person going mentally and physically ! Cocaine and amphetamine are restricted stimulants ! Caffeine and nicotine are readily available stimulants Stimulants Cocaine Cocaine: Coke, C, blow, toot, bump, nose candy, rock, snow, lello Line, rail Casper the Ghost: Crack Chasing the dragon Speedball ! Coca is a bush that grows in the Andes and produces cocaine ! Coca has been harvested for thousands of years and actively cultivated for over 800 years History of Cocaine ! Natives of the Andes chewed coca leaves to give them greater strength and endurance ! The coca leaf was an important part of Inca culture History of Cocaine ! Coca wine: Angelo Mariani ! Used coca leaf extract in many products including lozenges, tea, and, especially, wine History of Cocaine ! Coca extract was later used in the United States in early versions of Coca-Cola and in many patent medicines History of Cocaine ! Local anesthesia: Dr. W. S. Halsted ! Experimented with ability of cocaine to produce local anesthesia ! Delivered via newly developed hypodermic syringe History of Cocaine ! Natives of the Andes chewed coca leaves to give them greater strength and endurance ! The coca leaf was an important part of Inca culture History of Cocaine ! Coca wine: Angelo Mariani ! Used coca leaf extract in many products including lozenges, tea, and, especially, wine History of Cocaine ! Coca extract was later used in the United States in early versions of Coca-Cola and in many patent medicines History of Cocaine ! Local anesthesia: Dr. W. S. Halsted ! Experimented with ability of cocaine to produce local anesthesia ! Delivered via newly developed hypodermic syringe History of Cocaine ! Early psychiatric uses: Sigmund Freud ! Studied use of cocaine as a treatment for depression and morphine dependence ! Later opposed use of the drug after nursing a friend through cocaine psychosis History of Cocaine ! _________ ! Crude extract created during the manufacture of cocaine ! Can be mixed with tobacco and smoked ! Cocaine hydrochloride ! Most common form of pure cocaine ! Stable and water-soluble salt Forms of Cocaine ! ________ ! Prepared as a chemical base ! Can be heated and the vapors inhaled ! Crack or rock ! Lumps of dried, smokable cocaine ! Prepared by mixing cocaine with water and baking soda Forms of Cocaine ! Cocaine use began to increase again at the end of the 1960s ! Prior to 1985, the major form of the drug available was cocaine hydrochloride, which was snorted ! Then an inexpensive ($5 to $10 a hit) form of smokable cocaine became availablecrack Contemporary Legal Controls on Cocaine !!...
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2.2.Stimulants - Stimulants ! Stimulants are substances...

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