5.1.Medication.Mental Disorders

5.1.Medication.Mental Disorders - CLASSIFICATION OF M ENTAL...

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Medication for Mental Disorders MENTAL DISORDERS: THE MEDICAL MODEL ! Model: symptoms ! ________ ! determination of cause ! treatment ! cure ! Criticisms of model ! Model guides much of current thinking CLASSIFICATION OF MENTAL DISORDERS ! APA Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) provides criteria for classifying mental disorders ! Includes hundreds of speciFc diagnostic categories ! Widely used classiFcation system MENTAL DISORDERS ! Anxiety disorders —characterized by excessive worry, fears, or avoidance ! Panic disorder ! SpeciFc phobia ! Social phobia ! Obsessive-compulsive disorder ! Posttraumatic stress disorder ! Generalized anxiety disorder
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MENTAL DISORDERS ! ________ —a serious mental disorder involving loss of contact with reality ! Schizophrenia —chronic psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and lack of emotional response MENTAL DISORDERS ! Mood disorders ! characterized by depressed or manic symptoms ! Major Depressive Disorder ! ! Symptoms don’t always Ft neatly into diagnostic categories EARLY TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISORDERS ! Early drug therapy ! _________ : depressants used to induce sleep ! Intravenous thiopental sodium (“truth serum”) ! Insulin-shock therapy ! Electroconvulsive therapy ! Sedatives used in severely disturbed patients ANTIPSYCHOTICS: DISCOVERY OF PHENOTHIAZINES ! Called tranquilizers, neuroleptics, or antipsychotics ! Reduce psychotic symptoms without causing sedation
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5.1.Medication.Mental Disorders - CLASSIFICATION OF M ENTAL...

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