7.1.Hallucinogens

7.1.Hallucinogens - Terminology Hallucinogens ! Naming the...

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Hallucinogens Animism and Religion ! Plants evolved to produce chemicals that alter the biochemistry of animals ! Animism is a common theme in the world’s religions ! Psychoactive plants that alter perceptions have been important both in medicine and in the development of spiritual and religious traditions and folklore Terminology ! Naming the family of drugs ! Phantastica ! Psychedelic ! Psychotomimetic Terminology ! Naming the family of drugs (continued) ! Entheogen ! Entactogen ! Hallucinogens : A drug that produces profound alterations in perception, including unusual visual sensations and often changes in the perception of one’s own body
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Classifcation ! Two major groups ! _____________________ ! Alter perceptions while allowing the user to remain in communication with the present world ! _____________________ ! Produce more mental confusion, greater clouding of consciousness, and a loss of touch with reality LSD: Discovery ! LSD is synthesized from alkaloids extracted from the ergot fungus Claviceps purpurea ! Eating grain infected with this mold causes an illness called ____________ Ergot fungus LSD: Discovery ! 1938: Synthesized by Dr. Albert Hofmann of Sandoz Laboratories in Switzerland ! 1943: Dr. Hofmann took a large dose and described its effects ! Potency of the drug attracted attention—a very small dose produces effects LSD: Early Research ! 1950s to 1970s: tremendous amount of research performed with LSD ! Most research on LSD was found to contribute little to our understanding of the effects of the drug ! Most research since 1975 has been conducted on animals in an effort to understand the drug’s action at the neural level
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LSD: Recreational Use and Timothy Leary ! Experiments by psychologist Timothy Leary on Harvard graduate students ! 1966: Leary started a religion, the League of Spiritual Discovery, with
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This note was uploaded on 08/05/2011 for the course PSYC 179 taught by Professor Koob during the Summer '08 term at UCSD.

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7.1.Hallucinogens - Terminology Hallucinogens ! Naming the...

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