{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

10.2.Preventing substance abuse

10.2.Preventing substance abuse - Preventing Substance...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Preventing Substance Abuse Society's Attempts to Limit Drug Availability I Key facts I As long as there is a market for drugs. there will be people to supply them I Drugs will never disappear; so people need to learn to live in a world that includes them I Our society has accepted the continued existence of tobacco and alcohol despite the harm they muse Types of Prevention I Primary prevention I Secondary prevention I Tertiary prevention Types of Prevention I Institute of Medicine’s “continuum of care” I Classification scheme for prevention efforts I Universal prevenu‘on I Selective prevention I Indicated prevention Drugs in the Media I Don't be a Patsy Advertisement Campaign I The ads showed an ovenprotective mother “patting down" her daughter before she left the house. ' Thead endedwidi“Don'tbeaPatsy.Leam abetterwayatdrugfree.org." I The advertisements are a shift from the l980s"This is your brain on drugs ads. which overstated the harmful effects of drugs on young imple- I These types of embellishment: decrease the credibility of drug educators and lead young people to reject all drug-related information from so-call informed sources. Prevention Programs in Schools I Knawledge-attimdes-behavior model I Affective education I Anti-drug norms I Social influence model I DARE and other programs in use Knowledge-Attitudes-Behavior Model I Model quesn‘oned by research finding I Studenu with more knowledge about drugs tend to have more positive attitudes about drug use I All early prevention approaches I Effective in increasing knowledge about drugs I Ineffective in altering attitudes or behavior Affective Education I Affective domain focuses on emotions and attitudes, which may undedie some drug use 'D rug use may be reduced by helping children To achieve altered emotional states without drugs To feel valued and accepted Affective Education I Values clarification: Teach studens to recognize and express their own feelings and beliefs I Alternatives to drugs I Personal and social skills Selected Suggested Alternatives to Drug Use Level of exporlonoo Motives Poulblo Alt-natives Physical Rehncion Relaxation mrclses lncrused energy Athletic. ihncing Sensory Stimulau‘on Skyfiving Manly senses Sensory Iwareneu trailing . Learn about social norms. Interpersonal Gain acoqxance fund a group dut‘fiu" Spir'unllrnystial Develop spiritml insight Mediation Anti-Drug Norms I I984 review of drug prevention programs I Most programs don't contain I Few studies have demonstrated any success in terms of actual substance abuse prevention I Increased knowledge about drugs has virtually no impact on substance abuse I Affective education approaches place too little emphasis on skills necessary to resist pressure to use drugs Anti-Drug Norms I Focus on teaching studenu to recognize and respond to peer pressure to use drugs I Presented within the broader context of self-assertion and social skills training Anti-Drug Norms ' Twin! PW I Approach shown to be effective in reducing cigarette smoking among adolescents I Adapeedforotherdrugsandbehavlors Anti-Drug Norms I Drug-free schools I I986: Government began providing direct aid to local school districts for drug-prevention activities I DOE recommended school policies desigied to demonstrate that the school and community do not condone drug use or underage alcohol use Social Influence Model I Advantages of education research on smoking prevention programs directed at adolescents I Large enough proporu‘on of adolescents smoke so that measurable behavior change is more easin detectable I Health consequences of smoking are so clear that there is a good community consensus that preventing smoking is an appropriate goal I Easy to verify self-reported use of tobacco through mm Social Influence Model I Many approaches to drug- abuse prevention have been tried with smoking behavior I Key lessons can be learned from research findings about these approaches Social Influence Model I Five key elements of the social influence model 1 . — through films, discussion. and practice 2. Publlc commitment such as making a public pledge 3. Countering adverflslng by inoculau'ng children against it 4. Normative education to teach students that they may overestimate the number of their peers who smoke 5. Use of teen leaders to talk to younger students about cigarettes DARE I Developed in I983 in LosAngeles: spread to all states by the early l9905 I Widely accepted initially despite lack of studies supporting its efiectiveness I Contains many components of earlier prevention models I Delivered by trained. uniformed police officers I Includes elements of social influence model I Refusal skills.teen luders. and public commitment I Includes elements of affective education I Seifesteem building. alternatives to drug use. decision making Peer Programs I Peer influence approaches I Based on open discussion among a group of children or adolescents I Underlying assumption is that the opinions of an adolescent's peers are significant influences on behavior Parent and Family Programs I Informational programs for parents I Provide basic information about alcohol and drugs and their use and effects I Also may aim to make parents aware of their own alcohol and drug use I Parenting skills programs and Parent support EVOUPS SAMHSA Center for Substance Abuse Prevention: Model Programs AcrossAgea I Athletes Training and Learning to I Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) Child Development Proiect Communities Mobilizing for I Change on Alcohol Cmthg lasting Family Connections Dare to BeYou Familis and Schools Together I Keep a Clear Mind Life Skills Training PW ALERT Project Northland Project Towards No Tobacco Use Reoonnecting Youth Resldential StudenlAssisianoe Program Safe Dates SMART Team Strengthening Families Program TooGoodforDmgs ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}